John 18

1 Jesus, having said these things, went forth together with his disciples beyond, that area of the winter, stream of Kidron valley {Or: of the Cedars} , where there was a garden, into which he and his disciples entered.



{Mk 14: 43-52 & Mt 26: 47-56 & Lk 22: 47-53 & Jn 18: 2-11 Gethsemane, Friday a few hours before dawn. }

2 Now Judas, (who is giving him up), also knew the place, because Jesus gathered there often together with his disciples. 3 Therefore, having received the cohort {600 soldiers} and attendants from the high, priests and the Pharisees, Judas comes there with lanterns and torches and weapons. 4 Therefore Jesus, knowing all the things which were coming upon him, went forth and says to them, Whom are you* seeking? 5 They answered him, Jesus the Nazarene.

Jesus says to them, I am he. And Judas, who was giving him up, stood also with them. 6 Therefore, as he said to them, I am he, they went back ward and fell to the level, ground. 7 Therefore again he asked them, Whom are you* seeking?

And they said, Jesus the Nazarene.

8 Jesus answered, I said to you* that I am he; therefore if you* seek me, allow these men to go away. 9 (This happened in order that the word might be fulfilled which he spoke, Out of those whom you have given me, I did not lose one. ) 10 Therefore, Simon Peter, having a sword, unsheathed it and struck the high, priest' s bondservant and cut off his right ear. Now the bondservant' s name was Malchus. 11 Therefore Jesus said to Peter, Put your, your* sword into the sheath. The cup which the Father has given me, should I not drink it?



{Jn 18: 12-14, 18: 19-23 Friday before dawn; no parallel. }

12 So the cohort {600 soldiers} and the commander and the attendants of the Jews, took Jesus and bound him, 13 and led him to Annas first; for* he was the father, in, law to Caiaphas, who was high, priest that year. 14 But it was Caiaphas, who counseled together with the Jews that it was advantageous for one man to perish on behalf of the people.

{Mk 14: 54 & Mt 26: 58 & Lk 22: 54b-62 & Jn 18: 15-18 Courtyard of High Priest' s residence, Friday around dawn. }

15 Now Simon Peter and the other disciple was following Jesus. Now that disciple was known to the high, priest and entered in together with Jesus into the courtyard of the high, priest; 16 but Peter was standing outside at the door. Therefore the other disciple, who was known to the high, priest, went out and spoke to the doorkeeper and led in Peter.

17 Therefore, the maidservant who was the doorkeeper says to Peter, Are you also one out of this man' s disciples?

That man says, I am not.

18 Now the bondservants and the attendants were standing there, having made* a coal, fire, because it was cold, and they were warming themselves and Peter was standing and warming himself with them.



{See Jn 18: 12-14 above. }

19 Therefore, the high, priest asked Jesus concerning his disciples and concerning his teaching. 20 Jesus answered him, I spoke publicly to the world. I always taught in the synagogue s and in the temple, where the Jews always come together, and I spoke nothing in secret. 21 Why are you asking me? Ask those who have heard me, what I spoke to them. Behold, these know what I said.

22 Now having said these things, one of the attendants standing beside him gave a slap on the cheek to Jesus, saying, Why are you answering the high, priest so?

23 Jesus answered him, If I spoke evilly, testify concerning the evil, but if good, why are you whipping me?



{Mk 14: 53 & Mt 26: 57 & Lk 22: 54a & Jn 18: 24 Palace of Caiaphas, before dawn. } 24 Annas sent him to Caiaphas the high, priest, having been bound.



{Mk 14: 66-72 & Mt 26: 69-75 & Lk 22: 55-62 & Jn 18: 25-27. }

25 Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. Therefore they said to him, Are you also one out of his disciples?

Therefore that man denied and said, I am not.

26 One out of the bondservants of the high, priest, being a relative of the one whose ear Peter cut off, says, Did I not see you in the garden with him?

27 Therefore Peter denied again and immediately the rooster crowed.



{Mk 15: 1 & Mt 27: 1-2 Lk 22: 66-23: 1 & Jn 18: 28a Jerusalem early Friday morning. }



{Mk 15: 2-5 & Mt 27: 11-14 & Lk 23: 2-5 & Jn 18: 28b-38 Jerusalem early Friday morning. }

28 Therefore they lead Jesus from Caiaphas into the palace, and it was morning, and they themselves did not enter into the palace, in order that they might not be defiled, but in order that they might eat the Passover. 29 Therefore, Pilate went out to them and said, What accusation are you* bringing against this man?

30 They answered and said to him, If this one was not an evildoer, we should not have given him up to you.

31 Therefore Pilate said to them, You*, take him and judge him according to your, your* law.

Therefore the Jews said to him, It is not legal for us to kill anyone. 32 (This happened in order that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke signifying by what sort of death he was about to die.)

33 Therefore, Pilate entered again into the palace, and summoned Jesus and said to him, Are you the King of the Jews?

34 Jesus answered him, Do you say this from yourself or did others say this to you concerning me?

35 Pilate answered, I am not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the high, priests gave you to me. What have you done?

36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not from this world; if my kingdom was from this world, then my attendants would fight in order that I might not be given up to the Jews, but now my kingdom is not from here.

37 Therefore Pilate said to him, Therefore are you not a king?

Jesus answered, You are saying that I am a king. I have been born to this end and I have come into the world to this end, in order that I might testify to the truth. Everyone who is from the truth hears my voice.

38 Pilate says to him, What is truth? And having said this, he went out again to the Jews and says to them, I am finding no crime in him.



{Mk 15: 6-19 & Mt 27: 15-30 & Jn 18: 39-19: 16 Friday, April 7, 30AD. }

39 But it is a custom with you*, that* I should release to you* one prisoner at the Passover; therefore, do you* will that I should release to you* the King of the Jews?

40 Therefore they all cried, out again, saying, Not this one, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.



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