Modern Literal Version
[Matthew 5]




     {Mat 5:1 & Luk 6:17-20. Sermon on the mountain.}



     5:1 Now having seen the crowds, he went up into the mountain and having sat down, his disciples came to him.



     {Mat 5:2-12 & Luk 6:20-26.}



     5:2 And he opened his mouth and was teaching them, saying: 5:3The poor in spirit are fortunate, because theirs is the kingdom of the heavens.5:4Those who are mourning are fortunate, because they will be comforted.5:5The meek are fortunate, because they will inherit the earth. 5:6Those who hunger and are thirsty for righteousness are fortunate, because they will be fed.5:7The merciful are fortunate, because they will be shown-mercy. 5:8The clean in heart are fortunate, because they will be seeing God.5:9The peacemakers are fortunate, because they will be called sons of God.5:10Those who have been persecuted because of righteousness are fortunate, because theirs is the kingdom of the heavens.5:11YouĎ are fortunate whenever they reproach and persecute youĎ and say every evil word against youĎС lying, because of me.5:12RejoiceĎ and beĎ glad, because yourĎ reward is much in the heavens; for* thus, they persecuted the prophets who were before youĎ.



     {Mat 5:13-16; no parallel.}



     5:13YouĎ are the salt of the earth, but if the salt is flavorless, then with* what shall it be salted? It is still not strong-enough to be used*for anything, except to be cast outside and trampled by men.5:14YouĎ are the light of the world. A city laying upon a mountain is not able to be hid.5:15Nor are they burning a lamp and placing it under a peck container, but upon the lamp-stand, and it is shining to all who are in the house.5:16So let yourĎ light shine before men, *that they may see yourĎ good works and may glorify yourĎ Father, the one in the heavens.




     {Mat 5:17-48 & Luk 6:27-36.}



     5:17DoĎ not suppose that I came to tear-down the law or the prophets; I did not come to tear-down, but to fulfill.5:18For* assuredly I am saying to youĎ, Until heaven and earth should pass away, one iota or one serif may never* pass away from the law, until all things should become fulfilled.



     5:19Therefore, whoever loosens one of these least commandments and may teach men to do so, will be called least in the kingdom of the heavens, but whoever practices and should teach them, he will be called great in the kingdom of the heavens.5:20For* I am saying to youĎ, that if yourĎrighteousness is not abounding more-than that of the scribes and Pharisees, youĎ may never* enter into the kingdom of the heavens.




     5:21YouĎ have heard that it was said to the ancients, 'Do not murder,' but 'whoever murders will be liable to the judgment.'{Exo 20:13 & Deu 5:17}5:22But I say to youĎ, that everyone who is vainly angry toward his brother will be liable to the judgment, and whoever says to his brother,You, empty-head, will be liable to the council, but whoever says,You fool, will be liable to the hell of fire.



{Vainly can be: with emptiness (without cause or reason; i.e. to further one's own vanity)}



    {Empty-head is an expression of contempt. The Greek here could be simply 'fool' said as an expression of condemnation or could be a transliteration of 'Moreh' which is a Hebrew expression of condemnation. In Mat 5:22 the wording doesn't matter; it's the way it is said or meant.}




     5:23Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar, and while you are there, you should remember that your brother has something against you,5:24leave your gift there before the altar and go away. First be reconciled to your brother and then come and offer your gift.5:25Be agreeable with your opponent quickly, until which time you are with him on the road; lest the opponent should give you to the judge and the judge should give you to the attendant and you will be cast into prison.5:26Assuredly I am saying to you, You may never* come out from there, until you should have repaid the last copper coin.




     5:27YouĎ have heard that it was said, 'Do not commit adultery.'{Exo 20:14 & Deu 5:18}5:28But I say to youĎ, that everyone who is looking at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.5:29Now if your right eye is offending you, pluck it out and cast it from youĎ; for*it is advantageous for you, that* one of your members should perish and not that* your whole body should be cast into hell.5:30And if your right hand is offending you, cut it off and cast it away from youĎ; for* it is advantageous for you, that* one of your members should perish and not that* your whole body should be cast into hell.



     5:31It was also said, 'Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a document of divorcement.'{Deu 24:1, 3}5:32But I say to youĎ, that whoever divorces his wife, except-for the reason of fornication, is making* her commit adultery and whoever marries her who has been divorced is committing adultery.{Mat 19:9, Luk 16:18}




     5:33Again, youĎ have heard that it was said to the ancients, 'You will not perjure yourself, but will be giving your oaths to the Lord.'{Lev 19:12, Num. 30:2, Deu 23:21}5:34But I am saying to youĎ, Not to swear in anyway; neither by the heaven, because it is the throne of God;5:35nor by the earth, because it is the footstool of his feet; nor in Jerusalem, because it is the city of the Great King, 5:36nor should you swear by your head, because you are unable to make* one hair white or black.5:37But let yourĎword be, a Yes, yes; a No, no; and whatever is more-than these, is from the evil one.




     5:38YouĎ have heard that it was said, An eye in exchange-for an eye and a tooth in exchange-for a tooth.{Exo 21:24, Lev 24:20, Deu 19:21}5:39But I am saying to youĎ, Not to stand against an evil man, but whoever slaps you upon your right jaw, turn also the other to him.5:40And to him, who is willing to have a lawsuit against you and wants to take away your tunic, then also allow for him to take yourĎ outer garment.5:41And whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two. 5:42Give to the one who asks you and do not turn away from the one who wishes to borrow from you.




     5:43YouĎ have heard that it was said, 'You will love* your neighbor and hate your enemy.'{Lev 19:18}5:44But I am saying to youĎ, Love yourĎ enemies, speakĎ well of those who curse youĎ, doĎgood things to those who hate youĎ and prayĎ on behalf of those who are railing at youĎ and are persecuting youĎ.5:45Do this*that youĎ may become sons of yourĎ Father who is in the heavens, because his sun rises upon the evil and the good and it rains upon the righteous and the unrighteous.5:46For* if youĎ love* those who love* youĎ, what reward do youĎ have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 5:47And if youĎ only greet yourĎ friends, what are youĎ doing more-than others? Are not even the tax collectors doing so? 5:48Therefore youĎ will be complete, just-like yourĎ Father is complete, the one in the heavens.





Modern Literal Version Preface & Appendix , copyright 1987, 1999, 2013 by G. Allen Walker for the MLV New Testament Committee.
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