Modern Literal Version
[Acts 1]



     {Events from 30 - 63 AD are recorded including all the examples of Christian conversions. Tiberius Caesar, Emperor, 14-37 AD. Pontius Pilate, governor of Judea. Herod Antipas, governor of Galilee.}



     1:1 O Theophilus, I indeed made* the first account concerning all that Jesus began both to do and to teach, 1:2 till the day in which he was received up, having commanded through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.



     {Luk 24:44-49 & Acts 1:3-8 & 1Co 15:7 Jerusalem.}


     1:3 The apostles to whom, he also presented himself as living in many definite-proofs after he had suffered on the cross, being seen by them throughout forty days and speaking the things concerning the kingdom of God. 1:4 And, being assembled {Or: eating} together with them, he commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to remain until the promise of the Father, Which, (he said) You° have heard from me; 1:5 because John indeed immersed* in water, but you° will be immersed* in the Holy Spirit after not these many days {i.e. a few days}.



     {May 18, 30AD Mount of Olives.}


     1:6 Therefore indeed, having come together, they asked him, saying, Lord, are you restoring the kingdom to Israel at this time?


     1:7 Now he said to them, It is not yours° to know times or seasons, which the Father placed in his own authority. 1:8 But you° will be receiving power when* the Holy Spirit comes upon you°, and you° will be witnesses to me, both in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the outermost parts of the earth.



     {Mar 16:19-20 & Luk 24:50-53 & Acts 1:9-12 Olivet, between Jerusalem and Bethany.}


     1:9 And having said these things, and while looking at him, he was lifted up, and a cloud received him out of their staring eyes. 1:10 And as they were staring while* he was traveling on into heaven, and behold, two men stood beside them in white apparel; 1:11 who also said, Men, Galileans! Why are you° standing here, looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was received up from you° into heaven will be coming back thus in the manner you° saw him traveling on into heaven. {1Th 4:13-17, 2Th 1:7-10}



     1:12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mountain called Olives, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day's journey off. 1:13 And having entered, they went up into the upstairs-room, where they were remaining; both Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot and Judas the son of James {Or: brother. See Jude.}. 1:14 All these men together with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus and together with his brethren were persevering, united in prayer and supplication.



     1:15 And Peter stood up in these days in the midst of the disciples (and a crowd of people {Greek: names. See: Rev. 3:4.} were in the same place, approximately a hundred and twenty) and said, 1:16 Brethren, it was essential that this Scripture might be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit said beforehand through the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who took Jesus, 1:17 because he was numbered together with us and was allotted his inheritance in this service.



     {Mat 27:3-10 & Acts 1:18-19.}


     1:18 (Therefore indeed, this one procured a parcel of ground from the reward of his unrighteousness, and he happened to fall-flat and ruptured in the middle and all his bowels were poured out. 1:19 And it became known to all the dwellers in Jerusalem; so-that in their own language this place was called Akeldama, that is, The Place of Blood.) 1:20 For* it has been written in the book of Psalms, 'Let his habitation become desolate and do not let there be one dwelling in it' {Psa 69:25} and, 'Let a different one take his overseership.' {Psa 109:8} 1:21 Therefore, of those men who have come together with us all the time in which the Lord Jesus entered in and went out among us, 1:22 having begun from the immersion* of John, to the day from which he was received up from us, it is essential one of these is to become a witness together with us of his resurrection. 1:23 And they stood up two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was surnamed Justus and Matthias. 1:24 And having prayed, they said, You Lord, knower of the hearts of all, show which one out of these two you have chosen 1:25 to receive the inheritance of this service and apostleship from which Judas transgressed, so as to travel on to his own place. 1:26 And they gave them their lots and the lot fell upon Matthias, and he was enumerated together with the eleven apostles.



[Acts 2]



     {NOTES: Acts 1:26-2:1- Chapter and verse divisions were added by man. In the original Acts 1:26 & Acts 2:1 are the same sentence. The 'they' has been disputed by many. Read both Acts 1:26 and Acts 2:1 together without punctuation and decide for yourself. See also Acts 1:5, 2:6.}



     {Pentecost (always Sun.) May 28, 30AD Jerusalem. Pentecost is a transliterated word, G4005, which literal means '50th' as in the 50th day after Passover. The day the New Covenant (Testament) came into force (Heb 9:15-17.}


     2:1 And while* the day of Pentecost was being fulfilled, they were united in the same place. 2:2 And suddenly there became a noise from heaven just-like the bringing of a violent wind and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 2:3 And there appeared to them, divided tongues, like fire, and it sat upon each one of them. 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, just-as the Spirit was giving to them to speak out. 2:5 Now Jews were dwelling in Jerusalem, devout men, from every nation under heaven. 2:6 But when* the {F} voice from this happened, the multitude came together and was confused, because each one was hearing them speaking in his own language. 2:7 Now they were astonished and marveling, saying to one another, Behold, are these not all Galileans who are speaking? 2:8 And how are we hearing each one in our own language in which we were born? 2:9 Parthians and Medes and Elamites and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, in Judea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus and Asia, 2:10 in Phrygia and Pamphylia, in Egypt and the parts of Libya toward Cyrene and the inhabiting Romans, both Jews and Jewish-converts, 2:11 Cretans and Arabs, we hear them speaking in our languages the magnificent things of God. 2:12 Now all were astonished and were perplexed, saying to one another, What might this wish to be {i.e. mean}? 2:13 But others sneering, were saying, They are full of new-wine.


    {Footnotes: Acts 2:6, this was a miraculous event, the crowd heard all this like a single voice from afar or figuratively like 'noisy or sounds.'}



     {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     2:14 But Peter, standing up together with the eleven, lifted up his voice and spoke out to them, saying, Men, Jews and all you° who are dwelling in Jerusalem, let this be known to you° and notice° my words. 2:15 For* these men are not drunken, as you° take it to be; for* it is only the third hour {i.e. 9:00 AM} of the day. 2:16 But this is what has been spoken through the prophet Joel, 2:17 God says, 'And it will be in the last days, I will pour out from My Spirit upon all flesh and your° sons and your° daughters will prophesy and your° young-men will see visions and your° elderly-men will dream dreams. 2:18 For-sure, I will pour out of my Spirit upon my male bondservants and upon my female bondservants in those days, and they will prophesy. 2:19 And I will be giving you° wonders in the heaven above and signs upon the earth below; blood and fire and vapor of smoke. 2:20 The sun will be turned into darkness and the moon into blood, before the great and illustrious day of the Lord comes. 2:21 And it will be, that everyone, whoever calls upon the name of the Lord, will be saved.' {Joel 2:28-32}


     2:22 Men, Israelites! Hear° these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man from God, having been shown to you° by miracles and wonders and signs which God did through him in your° midst, just-as you° yourselves also know; 2:23 being given up by what had been determined by the plan and foreknowledge of God, you° assassinated him, having taken him and fastened him to a cross through lawless hands; 2:24 whom God raised* up, having loosed the travails of death, insomuch as it was not possible for him to be held-fast by it. 2:25 For* David says in regard to him, 'I am seeing the Lord always before my face, in my sight, because he is at my right hand, in order that I might not be shaken. 2:26 Because of this, my heart was joyous and my tongue was glad. Now my flesh will also reside in hope; 2:27 because you will not forsake my soul to Hades, neither will you give your Holy One to see decay. 2:28 You made known to me the ways of life. You will fill me with joy with your countenance.' {Psa 16:8-11} 2:29 Brethren, it is legal for me to speak publicly to you° concerning the patriarch David, that he is both dead* and was buried and his tomb is among us to this day. 2:30 Therefore being* a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that from the fruit of his loins, to raise* up the Christ according to the flesh to sit upon his throne. {Psa 89:3-4, 132:11} 2:31 Foreseeing this, he spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that neither was his soul left to Hades, nor did his flesh see decay. {Psa 16:10} 2:32 This Jesus, God raised* up, of whom we are all witnesses. 2:33 Therefore having been exalted by the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out this, which you° are seeing and hearing now. 2:34 For* David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says, 'The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, 2:35 until I should place your enemies as the footstool of your feet.' {Psa 110:1} 2:36 Therefore, let all the house of Israel know with certainty, that God has made* him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you° crucified.



     2:37 Now when* they heard this, they were pierced in their heart and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, Brethren, what shall we do?


     2:38 Now Peter said to them, Repent° and be immersed* each one of you° in the name of Jesus Christ into the forgiveness of your° sins, and you° will be receiving the gift of the Holy Spirit. {F} 2:39 For* the promise is to you° and to your° children and to all those at afar off, as many as the Lord our God may call. 2:40 Now he was thoroughly testifying and encouraging them with many other words, saying, Save° yourselves from this crooked generation. 2:41 Therefore indeed, they, who gladly accepted his word, were immersed*, and approximately three thousand souls was added to them in that day. 2:42 Now they were persevering in the apostles' teaching and in fellowship and in the breaking of the bread and in prayers.


    {Acts 2:38 has been a constant 'revolving door' as: '*for,' 'into,' 'to/toward,' 'leading to,' 'leading toward,' 'to obtain' have all been used in the MLV and not everyone is ever satisfied. But they only complain about Acts 2:38 not the other four places this same Greek construction is in the Bible. People who are defending Acts 2:38 keep wanting something besides 'for.' Which was never the translation in the MLV; see list above. 'For' in English can mean 'because' but this word is 'eis' (G1519). No translation has ever used 'because' or 'because of' in Acts 2:38, including the ones made by the Baptist denomination (sadly though some had to put it in as a footnote, ironically some of their older translations used 'leading to/toward'). Thayer used "to obtain." This misunderstanding is also due to the fact the MLV is the only English translation that corrected all the 'for' words by translating them to their more accurate English word. Other than 'for*,' all 'for' words in the MLV which literally meant 'because' are translated as such.


    The second part could possibly be translated 'you° will receive the Holy Spirit's gift.'


    We are not sorry that the theologians need to learn!}


     2:43 Now there became fear upon every soul and many wonders and signs were happening through the apostles. 2:44 But all who believed were in the same mind and had all things common. 2:45 They were selling* their properties and possessions and dividing them to all, insomuch as anyone was having a need. 2:46 And persevering, united in the temple and breaking bread, house to house, they were taking their nourishment in gladness and simplicity of heart, 2:47 praising God, and having favor toward the whole people. Now the Lord was adding to the congregation* of believers those who are saved every day.



[Acts 3]



     {June 30, 30AD Temple at Jerusalem.}


     3:1 Now Peter and John were going up at the same time into the temple at the hour of prayer, the ninth hour {i.e. 3:00 PM}. 3:2 And a certain man, being* lame from his mother's womb, was being bore there, whom they were laying daily at the door of the temple which is called* Beautiful, to ask charity from those who travel into the temple. 3:3 Seeing Peter and John being about to go into the temple, he asked them for charity. 3:4 But Peter, together with John, staring toward him, said, Look toward us. 3:5 Now he was taking-heed of them, expecting to receive something from them. 3:6 But Peter said, I do not possess silver and gold, but what I have, that I am giving to you. In the name of Jesus Christ from Nazareth, arise and walk. 3:7 And he clutched him by the right hand and lifted him up and instantly his feet and his ankles were strengthened. 3:8 And leaping up, he stood and was walking, and he entered together with them into the temple, walking and leaping and praising God. 3:9 And all the people saw him walking and praising God. 3:10 And they were recognizing him, that this one was sitting to obtain charity at the Beautiful Gate of the temple, and they were filled with amazement and astonishment at what has befallen him.



     3:11 Now while the lame man, who had been healed, was holding-fast to Peter and John, all the people ran together to them on the porch which is called Solomon's utterly amazed. 3:12 Now having seen them, Peter answered to the people, Men, Israelites! Why are you° marveling over this one? Or why are you° staring at us, as though by our own power or godliness* we have made* him able to walk? 3:13 The God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified his young-servant Jesus; whom you° indeed gave up and denied him in the face of Pilate, when* he had decided to release that man. 3:14 But you° denied the Holy and Righteous One and asked for a murderer to be granted to you°, 3:15 and killed the Author of life; whom God raised up from the dead; of whom we are witnesses. 3:16 And upon the faith of his name, this one whom you° are viewing and know, his name has strengthened him. And the faith which is through him has given him this wholeness of body in front of all of you°. 3:17 And I know now brethren that you° did it according to ignorance, just-like also did your° rulers. 3:18 But what God proclaimed beforehand through the mouth of all the prophets, that the Christ was to suffer, he thus fulfilled. 3:19 Therefore, repent° and turn° again, *that* your° sins may be wiped-away, that seasons of refreshment may come from the presence of the Lord; 3:20 and that he may send Christ Jesus who has been assigned to you°; 3:21 whom it is indeed essential for the heaven to accept till the times of restoration of all things, of which God spoke through the mouth of all his holy prophets that have been from of old. 3:22 Moses indeed said to the fathers, The Lord our God will rise* up for you° a prophet from among your° brethren, like me. You° will listen to him according to all things, as many things as he may speak to you°. 3:23 And it will be, that every soul if it does not listen to that prophet, will be utterly destroyed from among the people. 3:24 But even all the prophets from Samuel and those who followed afterwards, as many as have spoken, also spoke of these days. 3:25 You° are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant* which God covenanted with our fathers, saying to Abraham, 'And in your seed, all the families of the earth will be blessed.' {Gen 22:18, 26:4, 28:14} 3:26 God, having raised* up his young-servant Jesus, sent him to you° first, blessing you° in turning each of you° away from your° wickednesses.



[Acts 4]



     4:1 Now while speaking to the people, the priests and the magistrate of the temple and the Sadducees stood by them, 4:2 being pained, because they taught the people and proclaimed the resurrection of the dead in Jesus. 4:3 And they put hands on them and placed them in jail to the next-day; for* it was already dusk. 4:4 But many of those who heard the word believed, and the number of the men happened to be approximately five thousand.



     4:5 Now it happened upon the next-day, that their rulers and the elders and scribes were gathered together in Jerusalem; 4:6 and Annas the high-priest was there and Caiaphas and John and Alexander and as many as were from the high-priestly race. 4:7 And having stood them in the middle, they were inquiring, In what power or in what name, have you° done this?


     4:8 Then Peter, having been filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, You° rulers of the people and elders of Israel, 4:9 if we are examined today on the basis of a good* work done to a sick man and by what means this one has been cured. 4:10 Let it be known to you°all here and to all the people of Israel, that in the name of Jesus Christ from Nazareth, whom you° crucified, whom God raised up from the dead; in him, this one who is standing in your° sight is healthy. 4:11 He is, 'The stone scorned by you°, the builders, which has become the head of the corner.'{Psa 118:22} 4:12 And there is salvation in none other; for* neither is there any other name, that has been given among men, in which it is essential for us to be saved.



     4:13 Now viewing the boldness of Peter and John, they were marveling, having comprehended that they were illiterate and unskilled men. And they recognized them, that they had been together with Jesus. 4:14 But seeing the man who has been healed, standing together with them, they had nothing to speak against it. 4:15 But having commanded them to go outside the council, they were pondering these things with one another, 4:16 saying, What shall we do to these men? For* that indeed a known sign has happened through them and apparent to all who are dwelling in Jerusalem, and we are not able to deny it. 4:17 But in order that it should not circulate, more-than this into the people, we will threaten them with more threatening, to no longer speak to any man in this name. 4:18 And they called them back and commanded them not to speak nor teach to any in the name of Jesus.


     4:19 But Peter and John answered and said to them, Judge° for yourselves if it is righteous in God's sight to listen to you° rather than to God. 4:20 For* we are not able to speak, but the things which we saw and heard. 4:21 But having additionally threatened them, they released them, finding nothing as to how they will punish them, because of the people, because all were glorifying God for what has happened. 4:22 For* the man was more-than forty years old, on whom this sign of healing had happened.



     4:23 Now having been released, they came to their own brethren and reported how-much the high-priests and the elders had said to them. 4:24 Now they, having heard it, lifted up their voice to God united and said, O Lord, you are the God who made* the heaven and the earth and the sea and all the things in them; 4:25 who through the mouth of our father David your young-servant, said, 'Why do the Gentiles rage and the peoples meditate on empty things? 4:26 The kings of the earth stood up and the rulers were gathered in the same place, against the Lord and against his Christ.' {Psa 2:1-2} 4:27 For* against truth, against your holy young-servant Jesus, whom you anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, together with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, were gathered together 4:28 to do as many things as your hand and your council predetermined to happen. 4:29 And hereafter, Lord, look upon their threats and give to your bondservants to speak your word with all boldness, 4:30 in that you stretched out your hand *for healing, and signs and wonders to happen through the name of your holy young-servant Jesus. 4:31 And having besought the Lord, the place was shaken in which they were gathered together, and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and they were speaking the word of God with boldness.



     4:32 Now the multitude of those who believed were of one heart and soul and not one of them said that anything of his possessions was his own, but they had all things common. 4:33 Now the apostles were giving their testimony of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus with great power and great favor was upon them all. 4:34 For* neither anyone among them was* needy. For* as many as were* owners of parcels of ground or houses, were selling them and were bringing the prices of the things which were sold*, 4:35 and were laying them beside the apostles' feet and were being distributed to each, insomuch as anyone was having a need.



     4:36 Now Joses, who was surnamed Barnabas from the apostles, (which is, being translated, Son of Encouragement), a Levite from Cyprus by birth, 4:37 sold a field, possessed by him, and brought the monies and laid it beside the apostles' feet.



[Acts 5]



     {Late 30 AD - 36 AD Temple at Jerusalem.}


     5:1 But a certain man, Ananias by name, together with his wife Sapphira, sold a property, 5:2 and pilfered part of the price, his wife also having been conscious of it, and brought a certain part, laid it beside the apostles' feet. 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why has the Adversary filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to pilfer part of the price of the parcel of ground? 5:4 When* it remained unsold, was it not remaining yours? And when* it was sold*, was* it not still in your authority? Why did you purpose this matter in your heart? You have not lied to men, but to God. 5:5 But Ananias, hearing these words, fell down and expired, and there became great fear upon all those who heard these things. 5:6 Now when* the younger-men stood up, they enshrouded him and carried him out and buried him.



     5:7 Now it happened after an interval of approximately three hours, his wife also came in, not knowing what has happened. 5:8 But Peter answered her, Tell me if you° were given so-much for the parcel of ground?


     And she said, Yes, for so much.


     5:9 But Peter said to her, Why is it that you° have agreed together to test the Spirit of the Lord? Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door and they will be carrying you out. 5:10 Now she fell down instantly beside his feet and expired and the young-men came in and found her dead and they carried her out and buried her by her husband. 5:11 Now there became great fear upon the whole congregation* and upon all who are hearing these things.



     5:12 Now through the hands of the apostles many signs and wonders were happening among the people, and they were all united at Solomon's porch. 5:13 But none of the rest were daring to join himself to them, but the people were extolling them; 5:14 and more believers, multitudes of both men and women, were added to the Lord; 5:15 so-that they even carried out the sick in the streets to lay them upon cots and pallets, in order that, when* Peter came by, if-only his shadow might overshadow anyone of them. 5:16 Now the multitudes were also coming together from the cities in and around Jerusalem, carrying sick ones, and those being troubled by unclean spirits, and all were being healed.



     5:17 But the high-priest stood up and all those who were together with him (which is a sect of the Sadducees) and they were filled up from jealousy, 5:18 and they put their hands upon the apostles and placed them in the public jail. 5:19 But a messenger of the Lord through the night, opened the doors of the prison, having led them out, said, 5:20 Travel°, and when* you stand in the temple, speak° to the people all the words of this life. 5:21 Now having heard this, they entered into the temple under the light of daybreak and were teaching.


     But the high-priest came and those who were together with him and called the Sanhedrin together and the Elderly-Council of the sons of Israel and sent to the prison to have them led out. 5:22 But the attendants who came did not find them in the prison. Now having turned back, they reported, 5:23 saying, We indeed found the prison, having been locked with* all the security intact, and the guards standing outside before the doors, but having opened it, we found no one inside. 5:24 Now as both the magistrate of the temple and the priest heard these words and with the high-priests, they were perplexed concerning them and whatever had happened.


     5:25 But someone, having come, reported to them, Behold, the men, whom you° placed in the prison yourselves, are in the temple standing and teaching the people. 5:26 Then the magistrate went together with the attendants and led them, but without violence; for* they were fearing the people (that* they might not be stoned). 5:27 Now having led them, they stood them in front of the council. And the high-priest asked them, 5:28 saying, Did we command you° with a strict command to not teach in this name? And behold, you° have filled Jerusalem with your° teaching, and are planning to bring* this man's blood upon us.


     5:29 But Peter and the apostles answered and said, It is essential for us to obey God rather than men. 5:30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you° yourselves exterminated, having hanged him upon a tree. 5:31 This Jesus is the Author and Savior who God exalted to his right hand, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. 5:32 And we are witnesses of these words, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him.


     5:33 But hearing this, they were being infuriated and were planning to assassinate them. 5:34 But a certain one in the council stood up there, a Pharisee, Gamaliel by name, a teacher of the law, honored by all the people, and he commanded them to make* the apostles wait outside for a certain bit of time. 5:35 And he said to them, Men, Israelites! Take-heed° to yourselves what you° are about to do against these men. 5:36 For* before these days rose* up Theudas, saying that he himself to be someone, who was assassinated; to whom a number of men were called, approximately four hundred; and all, as many as were obeying him were disbanded and came* to nothing. 5:37 After this one rose* up Judas, a Galilean, in the days of the census and a considerable number of people withdrew after him. He also perished, and all, as many as were obeying him, were scattered. 5:38 And hereafter I say to you°, Withdraw° from these men and permit° them to continue, because if this plan or this work is from men, it will be torn-down; 5:39 but if it is from God, you° will not be able to tear it down; lest you° might be found even to be quarreling against God.


     5:40 Now they were persuaded by him, and having called the apostles to them, they whipped them, and commanded them not to speak in the name of Jesus and released them. 5:41 Therefore indeed, they were traveling from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were deemed worthy to be dishonored on behalf of the name of Jesus. 5:42 And they were not ceasing, teaching and proclaiming the good-news of Jesus as the Christ every day both in the temple and in every house.



[Acts 6]



     {Autumn 36 AD. Temple at Jerusalem. Pontius Pilate deposed.}


     6:1 Now in the days when* the disciples were multiplying, there became a murmuring from the Grecian Jews aimed toward the Hebrews, because their widows were being left unattended in the daily service. 6:2 Now the twelve called the multitude of the disciples to them and said, It is not pleasing to God for us to have left the word of God to serve tables. 6:3 Therefore brethren, elect° out of you° seven men well testified of, full of the Holy Spirit and of wisdom, whom we might designate over this need. 6:4 But we will be persevering in prayer and in the service of the word. 6:5 And the speech pleased the whole multitude and they themselves chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit and Philip and Prochorus and Nicanor and Timon and Parmenas and Nicolaus a Jewish-convert from Antioch; 6:6 whom they stood in the sight of the apostles and having prayed, they laid their hands upon them.



     6:7 And the word of God was growing, and the number of the disciples were extremely multiplying in Jerusalem, and a large crowd of the priests were obedient* to the faith.



     6:8 And Stephen, full of faith and power, was doing great wonders and signs among the people. 6:9 But there stood up some of those who were of the synagogue called* the Synagogue of the Freedmen both those from Cyrene and from Alexandria, and those from Cilicia and Asia, debating together with Stephen. 6:10 And they were not strong-enough to stand against the wisdom and the Spirit by which he was speaking. 6:11 Then they instigated men, saying, We have heard him speak blasphemous declarations at Moses and God. 6:12 And they agitated the people and the elders and the scribes and standing against him, seized him and led him into the council.


     6:13 And false witnesses stood up, who said, This man is not ceasing to speak blasphemous declarations against this holy place and the law; 6:14 for* we have heard him saying, that this Jesus the Nazarene will be tearing-down this place and will be changing the customs which Moses gave to us. 6:15 And all who sat in the council, having stared toward him, saw his face was like the face of a messenger.



[Acts 7]



     7:1 Now the high-priest said, Do these things then hold so?


     7:2 Now he said, Brethren and fathers, listen°: the God of glory appeared to our father Abraham, when* he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Haran, 7:3 and said to him, Come out of your land and from your relatives and come-here into the land whatever I will be showing you. 7:4 Then when* he came out of the land of the Chaldeans, he dwelt in Haran and after his father died, God exiled him from there into this land in which you° are now dwelling. 7:5 And he gave him no inheritance in it, not even a step of his foot, and he promised to give it to him and to his seed after him *for his territory, even when* there was no child yet to him. 7:6 Now God spoke thus: That his seed will be a foreigner in an alien land, and they will enslave and will be mistreating them four hundred years. 7:7 And God said, I will be judging the nation to which they would be enslaved, and they will be coming forth and will be giving-divine service to me in this place after this thing. 7:8 And he gave him the covenant* of circumcision and so he fathered Isaac and he circumcised him on the eighth day, and to Isaac was born Jacob and to Jacob the twelve patriarchs. 7:9 And the patriarchs, having been jealous of Joseph, gave him into Egypt. And God was with him, 7:10 and liberated him from all his afflictions and gave him favor and wisdom in front of Pharaoh king of Egypt, who designated him leader over Egypt and his whole house. 7:11 Now there came a famine and great affliction upon the whole of Egypt and Canaan and our fathers were finding no sustenance. 7:12 But when* Jacob heard of grain being in Egypt, he sent forth our fathers the first time. 7:13 And by the second-time, Joseph was recognized by his brethren, and Joseph's race became apparent to the Pharaoh. 7:14 But Joseph himself, having sent them, called Jacob, his father, and all the relatives, seventy five souls. 7:15 Now Jacob went down into Egypt and is dead*, he himself and our fathers; 7:16 and were transferred to Shechem and laid in the tomb that Abraham purchased for a price in silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem. 7:17 Now just-as the time of the promise was drawing near, which God swore to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt, 7:18 till there rose* up a different king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. 7:19 This one dealt craftily with our race and mistreated our fathers, making* them place their babies outside in the elements, *that* they might not live. 7:20 In which season, Moses was born and was handsome to God, and he was nourished three months in his father's house. 7:21 Now when* he had been placed outside in the elements, Pharaoh's daughter took him for herself and reared him *for her own son.


     7:22 Now Moses was educated in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in his words and works. 7:23 Now as the time of forty years was being fulfilled to him, it came upon his heart to visit his brethren, the sons of Israel. 7:24 And seeing a certain one of them being hurt, he retaliated and did the avenging for the one who was subjugated, and struck the Egyptian; 7:25 and he was supposing that his brethren understood that God is giving them salvation through his hand. But they did not understand. 7:26 And he appeared the next day to those who were quarreling and drove them to make peace, having said, Men, you° are brethren! Why are you° wronging one another? 7:27 But he who hurt his neighbor thrust him away and said, Who designated you a ruler and a justice over us? 7:28 You do not wish to assassinate me in the manner you assassinated the Egyptian yesterday, do you?


     7:29 But at this speech, Moses fled and became a foreigner in the land of Midian, where two sons were born to him. 7:30 Now when* forty years were fulfilled, a messenger of the Lord appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in a flame of fire from a bush. 7:31 But when* Moses saw it, he was marveling at the vision of it, and when* he came near to consider what it was, there came* a voice of the Lord to him, 7:32 I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. And the trembling Moses came*, and was not daring to consider what it was. 7:33 Now the Lord said to him, Loose the shoes from your feet; for* the place in which you are standing is holy land. 7:34 Having seen, I saw the mistreatment of my people who are in Egypt and have heard their groaning and I have come down to liberate them. And now come-here, I will be sending you into Egypt. 7:35 This Moses whom they deny, having said, Who designated you a ruler and a justice? God sent this one as a ruler and a redeemer by the hand of the messenger who was seen by him in the bush. 7:36 This one led them out, having done wonders and signs in the land of Egypt and in the Red Sea and in the wilderness for forty years. 7:37 This is that Moses, who said to the sons of Israel, The Lord our God will raise* up to you° a prophet out of your° brethren, like me. 7:38 This is he who came* to be in the congregation* in the wilderness with the messenger who spoke to him on Mount Sinai and from our fathers. This is he who accepted the living word to give to us; 7:39 to whom our fathers willed not to become obedient*, but thrust him from themselves and turned back to Egypt in their hearts, 7:40 saying to Aaron, Make* us gods that will travel before us. For* this Moses, who led us forth out of the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him. 7:41 And they made* a calf in those days and led a sacrifice to the idol and were being joyous in the works of their hands. 7:42 But God turned and gave them up to give-divine service to the army of heaven; just-as it has been written in the book of the prophets, 'You° did not offer slaughtered beasts and sacrifices to me for forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel, did you°? 7:43 And you° took up the tabernacle of Moloch and the star of the god Remphan, the patterns which you° made* to worship and I will be exiling you° past Babylon.' {Amos 5:25-27} 7:44 The tabernacle of the testimony was among our fathers in the wilderness, just-as he, who spoke to Moses, commanded him to make* it according to the pattern which he had seen. 7:45 Which also our fathers, having accepted in succession, brought* in with Joshua, in the territory of the nations, that God thrust out away from the face of our fathers, until the days of David. 7:46 David, who found favor in God's sight, asked to find a tabernacle for the God of Jacob. 7:47 But Solomon built him a house. 7:48 But the Highest is not dwelling in temples made* with hands; just-as the prophet says, 7:49 'The heaven is my throne and the earth the footstool of my feet. What sort of house will you° be building me? says the Lord. Or what is the place of my rest? 7:50 Did my hand not make* all these things?' {Isa 66:1-2}



     7:51 You° are stiff-necked and non-circumcised in heart and ears. You° are habitually defying the Holy Spirit, like your° fathers, like you° also! 7:52 Which of the prophets did your° fathers not persecute? And they killed those who proclaimed beforehand God's message concerning the coming of the Righteous One; of whom you° have now become betrayers and murderers. 7:53 You° who received the law at the commandment from God's messengers and did not observe it.


     7:54 Now hearing these things, they were being infuriated in their hearts and they were gnashing their teeth at him. 7:55 But possessing the fullness of the Holy Spirit, he stared into heaven and saw the glory of God and Jesus standing at the right hand of God, 7:56 and said, Behold, I am viewing the heavens that have been opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God. 7:57 But having cried out with a loud voice, they held their ears, and united, rushed upon him; 7:58 and they cast him outside the city and were stoning him. And the witnesses placed their garments beside the feet of a young-man called Saul. 7:59 And they were stoning Stephen, who was calling upon the Lord, saying, Lord Jesus, accept my spirit. 7:60 Now having placed his knees down, he cried with a loud voice, Lord, do not weigh this, their sin, to them. And having said this, he fell-asleep. [Acts 8] 8:1 Now Saul was consenting to the assassination of him.



     Now there became a great persecution in that day upon the congregation* which was in Jerusalem, and they were all dispersed throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except* the apostles.


     8:2 Now devout men entombed Stephen and made* a great lamentation over him.


     8:3 Now Saul was devastating the congregation* of believers, traveling into every house and dragging men and women away, he was giving them up to prison.



     {37 AD. Samaria. Tiberius Caesar dies March 16. Caligula attempts to put his statue in the Temple.}


     {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     8:4 Therefore indeed, those who were dispersed went throughout the land, proclaiming the good-news of the word.


     8:5 Now Philip went down to a city of Samaria and was preaching to them the Christ. 8:6 And the crowds united and were taking-heed to the things which were spoken by Philip, while* they were hearing and seeing the signs which he was doing. 8:7 For* many of those who had unclean spirits, the spirits were coming out, crying with a loud voice. And many were healed who had been paralyzed and lame. 8:8 And there became much joy in that city.



     8:9 But there was a certain man, Simon by name, who was formerly in the city practicing-magic and astonishing the people of Samaria, saying that he himself was someone great. 8:10 To whom they were taking-heed, from the little to the great, saying, This one is the power of God, the Great. 8:11 Now they were taking-heed to him because he had astonished them with his magic for a considerable time. 8:12 But when they believed Philip proclaiming the good-news concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, they were being immersed*, both men and women. 8:13 Now Simon himself also believed and was immersed*, and was persevering with Philip. And viewing signs and great miracles which were happening, he was being astonished.


     8:14 Now when* the apostles who were in Jerusalem heard that Samaria had accepted the word of God, they sent Peter and John to them; 8:15 who came down and prayed concerning them so *that they might receive the Holy Spirit. 8:16 For* he had not yet fallen upon any of them, but they were* only immersed* into the name of the Christ Jesus. 8:17 Then they were laying their hands upon them and they were receiving the Holy Spirit.


     8:18 But when* Simon saw that through the laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Spirit is given, he offered them monies, 8:19 saying, Give° to me also this authority, in order that I may lay my hands on whomever, and he may receive the Holy Spirit.


     8:20 But Peter said to him, May your silver together with you be sent into destruction, because you have thought to procure the gift of God through monies! 8:21 You have neither part nor inheritance in this word, for* this heart of yours is not straight in God's sight. 8:22 Therefore repent from this, your malice, and beseech God; if, then, the deliberation of your heart will be forgiven to you. 8:23 For* I see that you are in the gall of bitterness and in the bond of unrighteousness.


     8:24 But Simon answered and said, You°, beseech° on my behalf to the Lord, *that none of the things which you° have spoken may come upon me.



     8:25 Therefore indeed, having thoroughly testified and having spoken the word of the Lord, they returned to Jerusalem and proclaimed the good-news to many villages of the Samaritans.



     {Summer 37 AD. Road from Jerusalem to Gaza.}


     8:26 But a messenger of the Lord spoke to Philip, saying, Stand up and travel toward the midday sun to the road which is going down from Jerusalem to Gaza. This is a desolate road. 8:27 And he stood up and traveled away.


     And behold, a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch, (a sovereign under Candace, the queen of Ethiopia, who was in charge over all her treasure), who had come to Jerusalem to worship, 8:28 and who was returning and sitting in his chariot and was reading the prophet Isaiah. 8:29 Now the Spirit said to Philip, Go near and join yourself to this chariot.



          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     8:30 Now Philip having ran up to him, heard him reading Isaiah the prophet and said, Do you know then what you are reading?


     8:31 But he said, For* how am I able, if someone does not guide me? And he pleaded with Philip to come up and sit together with him. 8:32 Now the passage of the Scripture which he was reading was this: 'He was led like a sheep to the slaughter, and like a lamb in front of the one who is shearing him is voiceless, thus he does not open his mouth. 8:33 His judgment was taken away in his humbleness. But who will be describing his generation? Because his life is taken from the earth.' {Isa 53:7, 8} 8:34 But Philip answered and said to the eunuch, I am beseeching you, concerning whom is the prophet speaking about in this? Is he speaking concerning himself or concerning some other person?


     8:35 Now Philip opened his mouth and beginning from this Scripture, proclaimed the good-news of Jesus to him. 8:36 Now as they were traveling down the road, they came to a some water, and the eunuch says, Behold, here is water; what is preventing me from being immersed*? {T} 8:37 Now Philip said, If you believe from all your heart, it is permitted.


     But he answered and said I believe Jesus Christ to be the Son of God.


     8:38 Now he commanded the chariot to stand still and they both went down into the water, both Philip and the eunuch, and he immersed* him. 8:39 Now when they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord seized Philip away, and the eunuch saw him no more, for* he was traveling on his way rejoicing.


     8:40 But Philip was found in Azotus and going through, he was proclaiming the good-news to all the cities, until he came to Caesarea.



[Acts 9]



     {Summer AD 37. Damascus. Saul is around 35 years old. Herod Antipas deposed. Herod Agrippa 1st king, 5th ruler of Galilee & Perea.}


     9:1 But Saul, still breathing threatening and murder toward the disciples of the Lord, having come to the high-priest, 9:2 asked from him letters *for Damascus to the synagogues, *that if he found some who were of the Way, both men and women, having been bound, he might lead them to Jerusalem.


     9:3 But it happened while* he traveled; when he drew near to Damascus, and suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him, 9:4 and having fallen upon the earth, he heard a voice saying to him, Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?


     9:5 But he said, Who are you, Lord?


     But the Lord said, I am Jesus whom you are persecuting. {T} It is harsh for you to kick the cattle-prods. {Act 26:14}


     9:6 And trembling and amazed, he said, What do you wish me to do?


     And the Lord said to him, But stand up and enter into the city and it will be spoken to you what it is essential for you to do.


     9:7 But the men traveling together with him stood speechless, indeed hearing the voice, but viewing no one. 9:8 Now Saul was raised from the earth, and when* his eyes had been opened, he was seeing nothing, but leading him by the hand, they led him into Damascus. 9:9 And he was there three days not seeing and did neither eat nor drink.



     9:10 Now there was a certain disciple in Damascus, Ananias by name, and the Lord said to him in a vision, Ananias.


     And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord.


     9:11 Now the Lord said to him, When* you stand up, travel to the lane which is called Straight and seek one from Tarsus, Saul by name, in the house of Judas; for* behold, he is praying; 9:12 and he has seen in a vision a man, Ananias by name, who came in and laid a hand on him, in order that he might recover his sight.


     9:13 But Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard from many concerning this man and how-much evil he did to your holy-ones in Jerusalem, 9:14 and he has authority from the high-priests here to bind all who are calling upon your name.


     9:15 But the Lord said to him, Travel on, because this one is a chosen vessel for me to bear my name in the sight of the Gentiles and kings and the sons of Israel; 9:16 for* I will be showing him how-much it is essential for him to suffer on behalf of my name.



          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     9:17 Now Ananias went away and entered into the house, and laying his hands upon him said, Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus, whom was seen by you on the road on which you were coming, has sent me, *that you may recover your sight and may be filled with the Holy Spirit. 9:18 And immediately things like scales fell from his eyes and he recovered his sight, and he stood up and was immersed*; 9:19 and he took nourishment and was strengthened.



     Now Saul happened to be with the disciples who were in Damascus for some days. 9:20 And immediately in the synagogues he was preaching the Christ, that he is the Son of God. 9:21 Now all who heard him were being astonished and were saying, Is this not the one who in Jerusalem made havoc of those who are calling upon this name? And he has come here *for this purpose, in order that he might lead them who have been bound in front of the high-priests. 9:22 But Saul was being empowered more and was confusing the Jews who are dwelling in Damascus, lecturing that this Jesus is the Christ.



     9:23 Now as a considerable number of days were being fulfilled, the Jews planned together to assassinate him; 9:24 but their pact became known to Saul. And they were guarding the gates both day and night *that they might assassinate him. 9:25 But the disciples took him by night and dropped him down through the wall, having lowered him in a basket.



     {37-39 AD. Arabia. Saul's retirement. Gal 1:17-18. AD dates vary due to many not putting this in the chronology.}


     {Sept., 39 AD. Jerusalem. Paul's first visit there.}


     9:26 Now when* he came into Jerusalem, he was attempting to be joined to the disciples, and all were fearing him, not believing that he is a disciple. 9:27 But Barnabas grabbed him and led him to the apostles, and described to them how he saw the Lord on the road and that he spoke to him and how in Damascus he spoke boldly in the name of Jesus. 9:28 And as he was traveling into Jerusalem with them, he was speaking boldly in the name of the Lord. 9:29 And he both was speaking and was debating together with the Grecian Jews, but they were undertaking the task to assassinate him.


     {40-43 AD Paul in Tarsus & Cilicia.}


     9:30 Now when* the brethren fully knew it, they brought* him down to Caesarea and sent him forth to Tarsus.


     9:31 Therefore indeed, all the congregations* throughout the whole of Judea and Galilee and Samaria had peace. They were being multiplied, being built up, and having conducted-themselves in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit.



     {40 AD. Lydda & Joppa. Herod Antipas banished.}


     9:32 Now it happened, Peter, going through all the regions, also came down to the holy-ones, those who dwell at Lydda. 9:33 Now he found a certain man there, Aeneas by name, who was paralyzed and had been laying in his pallet for eight years. 9:34 And Peter said to him, Aeneas, Jesus the Christ heals you. Stand up and spread your bed for yourself. And immediately he stood up. 9:35 And all who dwelt at Lydda, and Sharon, saw him, and they turned to the Lord.



     9:36 Now there was a certain disciple in Joppa, Tabitha by name, which being translated, is called Dorcas. This one was full of good works and of charity, which she was doing. 9:37 Now it happened in those days, she, having been sick, died. Now having fully-washed her, they laid her in an upstairs-room. 9:38 Now Lydda was near to Joppa, the disciples, having hearing that Peter is in it, sent for him, encouraging him not to hesitate to come to them. 9:39 Now having stood up, Peter went together with them, those who had come to him, and they led him into the upstairs-room. And all the widows stood by him weeping and showing the tunics and garments; as many as Dorcas was making*, when* she was with them. 9:40 But when* Peter cast them all outside; having placed his knees down, he prayed, and having turned again to the body, he said, Tabitha, rise* up. And she opened her eyes, and when* she saw Peter, she sat up. 9:41 Now he gave her his hand and stood her up, and summoning the holy-ones and widows, he presented her as living. 9:42 Now it became known throughout the whole of Joppa and many believed on the Lord. 9:43 Now it happened, that he remained a considerable number of days in Joppa with a certain Simon, a tanner.



[Acts 10]



     {40 AD. Caesarea.}


     10:1 Now there was a certain man in Caesarea, Cornelius by name, a centurion of what is called the Italian cohort {600 soldiers}, 10:2 a devout man, who feared God together with all his house and doing much charity for the people and always beseeching God. 10:3 He saw openly in a vision, at approximately the ninth hour {i.e. 3:00 PM} of the day, a messenger of God who came to him and said to him, Cornelius.


     10:4 But having stared at him and becoming fearful, said, What is it, Lord?


     But he said to him, Your prayers and your charity have gone up *for a memorial in God's sight. 10:5 And now send men to Joppa and send for Simon, who is surnamed Peter. 10:6 He is lodging with a certain Simon, a tanner, whose house is beside the sea. {T} He will tell you something that is essential for you to do. 10:7 Now as the messenger, the one who had been speaking to Cornelius, went away, he summoned two of his domestic servants and a devout soldier of those who are persevering with him; 10:8 and having described all these things to them, he sent them to Joppa.



     {40 AD. Joppa.}


     10:9 Now on the next-day, while those men are traveling and drawing near to the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray, around the sixth hour {i.e. Noon}. 10:10 Now he became very hungry and wished to eat, but when* those men were preparing the food, a trance fell upon him. 10:11 And he views the heaven having opened and a certain vessel coming down, like a great sheet having been bound and being dropped down by four edges upon the earth; 10:12 in which were* all kinds of four footed mammals and beasts and reptiles of the earth and birds of the heaven. 10:13 And there came* a voice to him, Sacrifice and eat when* you stand up Peter.


     10:14 But Peter said, Not-so, Lord, because I have never* eaten anything, common or unclean.


     10:15 And a voice came to him again the second-time, What God has cleansed, you, do not make common. 10:16 But this happened three-times and again the vessel was received up into heaven.


     10:17 Now as Peter was perplexed in himself what the vision which he had seen might be. And behold, the men who had been sent from Cornelius, having made inquiry for Simon's house, stood at the gate, 10:18 and having summoned them, they were inquiring if Simon, who is surnamed Peter, is lodged here.


     10:19 But when* Peter was contemplating concerning the vision, the Spirit said to him, Behold, men are seeking you. 10:20 But when* you stand up, go down and travel together with them, judging nothing, because I have sent them.


     10:21 Now Peter went down to the men {T} who were sent from Cornelius to him and said, Behold, I am he whom you° are seeking. What is the cause through which you° are here?


     10:22 Now they said, Cornelius a centurion, a righteous man and fearing God, being well testified of by the whole nation of the Jews, was divinely-warned by a holy messenger to send for you to come to his house and to hear words from you. 10:23 Therefore he invited them in and lodged them.



     {40 AD. Caesarea.}


     Now on the next-day Peter came out and went together with them and some of the brethren from Joppa went together with him. 10:24 And on the next-day they entered into Caesarea. Now Cornelius was expecting them, having called together his relatives and his intimate friends. 10:25 Now it happened, as Peter entered in, Cornelius, having met him, and having fallen down upon his feet, worshiped him. 10:26 But Peter lifted him up, saying, Stand up; I am also a man. 10:27 And while conversing together with him, he entered and finds many have gathered together. 10:28 And he said to them, You° yourselves know how it is an illegal thing for a man who is a Jew to be joined or to come to heathen, and yet God showed to me to speak of no man as common or unclean. 10:29 Hence also, undeniably I came, having been sent for. Therefore I am inquiring, for what reason did you° send for me?



     10:30 And Cornelius said, Four days till this hour, I was fasting and praying in the ninth hour {i.e. 3:00 PM} in my house, and behold, a man stood in my sight in bright apparel, 10:31 and says, Cornelius, your prayer is heard and your charity is remembered in God's sight. 10:32 Therefore send to Joppa, and call to you Simon, who is surnamed Peter; he is lodged in the house of Simon, a tanner, beside the sea. When* he comes; he will be speaking to you. 10:33 Therefore, promptly I sent for you, and having come, you did well. Therefore, now we are all here in God's sight, to hear all things which have been commanded to you by God.



          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     10:34 Now Peter opened his mouth and said, In truth, I comprehend that God is not one who shows-favoritism 10:35 but in every nation, he who fears him and is working righteousness, is acceptable to him. 10:36 The word which he sent to the sons of Israel, proclaiming the good-news of peace through Jesus Christ (this one is Lord of all). 10:37 You° know, the word concerning Jesus which happened throughout the whole of Judea, beginning from Galilee, after the immersion* that John preached. 10:38 Jesus who was from Nazareth; how God anointed him with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went throughout the land working good* and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, because God was with him. 10:39 And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the region of the Jews and in Jerusalem– whom they also assassinated, having hung him upon a tree. 10:40 God raised this one up on the third day and gave him to become manifest, 10:41 not to all the people, but to witnesses that have been assigned before by God, even to us, who ate and drank together with him after he rose* up from the dead. 10:42 And he commanded us to preach to the people and to thoroughly testify that he is the one who has been determined by God to be judge of the living and the dead. 10:43 To this one, all the prophets are testifying, that through his name everyone who believes in him will be receiving forgiveness of sins.



     10:44 While Peter is still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who heard the word. 10:45 And the believing ones from the circumcision, were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because the gift of the Holy Spirit has also been poured out upon the Gentiles. 10:46 For* they were hearing them speak in foreign languages and extolling God.


     Then Peter answered, 10:47 Is anyone able to forbid the water, that these people should not be immersed*, who have received the Holy Spirit as well as we? 10:48 And he commanded them to be immersed* in the name of the Lord. Then they requested him to remain some days.



[Acts 11]



     11:1 Now the apostles and the brethren who were in Judea heard that the Gentiles had also accepted the word of God. 11:2 And when Peter came up to Jerusalem, those of the circumcision were arguing with him, 11:3 saying, You entered to men having an uncircumcised state and ate together with them.


     11:4 But Peter began and was expounding the matter to them afterwards, saying, 11:5 I was in the city of Joppa praying and I saw a vision while in a trance, a certain vessel coming down, like a great sheet being dropped down from heaven by the four edges, and it came to me. 11:6 Having stared into that sheet, I was considering, and I saw the four footed mammals of the earth and other beasts and reptiles and birds of the heaven.


     11:7 Now I heard a voice saying to me, When* you stand up Peter; sacrifice and eat.


     11:8 But I said, Not-so, Lord, because anything common or unclean has never* entered into my mouth.


     11:9 But a voice answered me the second-time from heaven, What God has cleansed, you, do not make common. 11:10 Now this happened three-times and all were pulled up again into heaven. 11:11 And behold, promptly three men stood at the house in which I was, having been sent from Caesarea to me. 11:12 But the Spirit said for me to go together with them, making no distinction. Now these six brethren also came together with me, and we entered into the man's house. 11:13 And he reported to us how he had seen the messenger standing in his house and saying to him, Send men to Joppa and send for Simon, whose surname is Peter; 11:14 who will be speaking the words to you in which you will be saved, you and all your house. 11:15 Now while* I was beginning to speak, the Holy Spirit fell upon them, just-like upon us also in the beginning. 11:16 Now I was reminded of the declaration of the Lord, how he said, John indeed immersed* in water, but you° will be immersed* in the Holy Spirit. 11:17 Therefore, if God gave to them the equal gift like he also did to us when* we believed on the Lord Jesus Christ, now who was I, that I am able to forbid God? 11:18 But having heard these things, they were quiet and glorifying God, saying, Consequently*, God has also given repentance to the Gentiles into life.



     {40-41 AD. Antioch, Phoenicia, Cyprus, etc. The Good-news extended to all the Gentiles. Jan., 41 AD Claudius becomes Emperor.}


     11:19 Therefore indeed, those who were dispersed from the affliction which happened upon Stephen, went to Phoenicia and Cyprus and Antioch, speaking the word to no one except only to the Jews. 11:20 Now there were some of them, men from Cyprus and Cyrene, who, having come into Antioch, were also speaking to the Grecian Jews, proclaiming the good-news of the Lord Jesus. 11:21 And the hand of the Lord was with them and a large number who believed turned to the Lord.



     {42 AD. Jerusalem to Antioch. Herod Agrippa receives kingdom of Judea & Samaria.}


     11:22 Now the word concerning them was heard in the ears of the congregation* which was in Jerusalem. And they sent Barnabas to go through the area to Antioch; 11:23 who, having come and having seen the favor of God, rejoiced and was encouraging all with purpose of heart to remain in the Lord, 11:24 because he was a good man and full of the Holy Spirit and of faith, and a considerable crowd was added to the Lord.



     {43-44 AD. Claudius goes to Britain.}


     11:25 Now Barnabas went forth to Tarsus to seek Saul; 11:26 and having found him, he led him to Antioch. Now it happened, they were gathered together with him in the congregation* a whole year and he taught a considerable crowd, and the disciples were first divinely-called Christians, in Antioch.



     11:27 Now in these days prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch. 11:28 Now there stood up one of them, Agabus by name, and he signified through the Spirit that a great famine is about to be upon the whole inhabited-earth; which also happened on the days of Claudius Caesar. {47 A.D.} 11:29 Now the disciples, according to what was anyone's prosperity, each of them determined to send a service of relief to the brethren dwelling in Judea; 11:30 which they also did, having sent it to the elders through the hands of Barnabas and Saul.



[Acts 12]



     {March 44 AD. Jerusalem.}


     12:1 Now throughout that time, Herod the king put his hands upon some from the congregation* to mistreat them. 12:2 Now he assassinated James the brother of John with a sword. {April 44 AD.} 12:3 And having seen that it is pleasing to the Jews, he also adds Peter to take. (And these were the days of unleavened bread {i.e. Passover}.) 12:4 He also arrested him, and placed him in prison and gave him to four companies of four soldiers to guard him; planning to lead him out to the people after the Passover. 12:5 Therefore indeed, Peter was being kept in the prison, but intense prayer was happening by the congregation* to God on his behalf. 12:6 But when Herod was about to lead him out, in that same night Peter had fallen-asleep between two soldiers, having been bound with two chains, and guards before the door were guarding the prison. 12:7 And behold, a messenger of the Lord stood by him and a light shined in the cell and having struck Peter on the ribs, he lifted him up, saying, Stand up quickly. And his chains fell off from his hands. 12:8 And the messenger said to him, Gird yourself and tie on your sandals. Now he did so. And he says to him, Put your garment around you and follow me. 12:9 And having gone out, he was following him, and he did not know if true what is happening through the messenger, but he was thinking that he is seeing a vision. 12:10 Now having gone through the first and second prison, they came upon the iron gate that brings them into the city; which opened by itself for them, and they went out and went forward one lane, and immediately the messenger withdrew from him.


     12:11 And Peter, came* to himself, said, Now I truly know, that the Lord has sent forth his messenger and liberated me out of the hand of Herod and all the expectation of the people of the Jews. 12:12 And being conscious of it, he came upon the house of Mary the mother of John whose surname was Mark, where a considerable number was accumulating together and were praying. 12:13 Now when* Peter knocked at the door of the gate, a maidservant, Rhoda by name, came near to listen to who was there. 12:14 And having recognized the voice of Peter, full of joy, she did not open the gate, but ran in and reported Peter to be standing before the gate.


     12:15 But they said to her, You are insane.


     But she was stoutly affirming to have this so.


     And they were saying, It is his messenger.


     12:16 But Peter was remaining and kept knocking. Now having opened the door, they saw him and were astonished. 12:17 But he, having beckoned to them with the hand to be silent, described to them how the Lord had led him out of the prison. Now he said, Report° these things to James and to the brethren. And having gone out, he traveled to a different place. 12:18 Now when* it became day, there was not just a small disturbance among the soldiers, as to what then had become of Peter. 12:19 Now when* Herod sought him and did not find him, having examined the guards, he commanded them to be led away for execution. And he went down from Judea to Caesarea and was staying there.



     {Around May 44 AD. Caesarea. Herod Agrippa dies. Palestine reunited to Rome.}


     12:20 Now Herod was quarreling furiously with those from Tyre and Sidon. But they were united here with him, and having persuaded Blastus, the one over the king's bedroom, they were asking for peace, because their region is nourished from the king's region. 12:21 Now on an appointed day, Herod dressed himself in royal apparel, and having sat upon the judicial-seat, he was publicly addressing them. 12:22 Now the public was shouting out, saying, This is a voice of a god and not of a man! 12:23 But instantly a messenger of the Lord struck him, because he did not give God the glory and he expired, having become maggot-eaten.



     12:24 But the word of God was growing and being multiplied.



     {Spring 44 AD. Antioch to Jerusalem back to Antioch (Acts 11:30), sending relief.}


     12:25 Now Barnabas and Saul returned to Jerusalem, having fulfilled the service and having taken together with them also John, who was surnamed Mark.



[Acts 13]



     {45-48 AD. Asia Minor. Paul's first missionary journey from Antioch to Perga, Cyprus, Antioch in Pisidia, Iconium, Lystra, Derbe and back to Antioch in Syria.}


     13:1 Now there were some prophets and teachers in the congregation* which was in Antioch: both Barnabas, and Symeon who was called Niger, and Lucius from Cyrene, and Manaen, a foster-brother of Herod the Tetrarch, and Saul. 13:2 Now while ministering* to the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, Separate Barnabas and Saul for me, *for the work to which I have called them. 13:3 Then having fasted and prayed and having laid their hands on them, they dismissed them.



     13:4 Therefore indeed, these men, having been sent out by the Holy Spirit, went down to Seleucia, and sailed to Cyprus from there. 13:5 And when* they happened to be in Salamis, they were proclaiming the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews, and they also had John, an attendant.


     13:6 Now having gone through the island to Paphos, they found a certain magician, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was Son of Joshua; 13:7 who was together with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, an intelligent man. This one sought to hear the word of God, having called to him Barnabas and Saul. 13:8 But Elymas the magician (for* so is his name by translation) was standing against them, seeking to pervert the proconsul away from the faith. 13:9 But Saul, also called Paul, having been filled with the Holy Spirit, stared toward him, 13:10 and said, O full of all treachery and all villainy, you son of the devil, enemy of all righteousness, will you not cease perverting the straight ways of the Lord? 13:11 And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon you, and you will be blind and will not see the sun till the next season. Now instantly dimness and darkness fell upon him, and going around, he was seeking someone to lead him by the hand. 13:12 Then the proconsul believed, having seen what had happened, being astounded upon the teaching of the Lord.



     13:13 Now Paul, with those around him, having set-sail from Paphos, came to Perga in Pamphylia, and John having departed from them, returned to Jerusalem.


     13:14 But they, having gone through from Perga, came to Antioch of Pisidia {Asia Minor}, and having entered into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, they sat down. 13:15 Now after the public-reading of the law and the prophets, the rulers of the synagogue sent for them, saying, Men, brethren, if there is a word of encouragement to the people in you°, speak° it.


     13:16 Now when* Paul stood up and beckoned with the hand, he said,


     Men, Israelites, and those who fear God, listen°: 13:17 The God of this people chose our fathers and exalted the people in their foreign residency, in the land of Egypt, and with a high arm he led them forth out of it. 13:18 And he tolerated their mannerisms in the wilderness for approximately the time of forty years. 13:19 And having demolished seven nations in the land of Canaan, he gave to them their land for an inheritance. 13:20 After these things for approximately four hundred and fifty years, he gave them judges until Samuel the prophet. 13:21 And from thereon, they asked for a king. And God gave to them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years. 13:22 And having removed him, he lifted up David to be king to them; to whom he also testified and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man according to my own heart, who will be practicing all my will.


     13:23 God brought* salvation to Israel from the seed of this man David, according to promise, 13:24 when* John preached beforehand the immersion* of repentance to Israel, before his face and before his entrance. 13:25 Now as John was fulfilling his course, he was saying, Who do you° perceive that I am? I am not he. But behold, there is one coming after me, of whom I am not worthy to loosen the shoes of his feet. 13:26 Brethren, sons from the race of Abraham and those who fear God among you°, the word of this salvation was sent forth to you°. 13:27 For* those dwelling in Jerusalem and their rulers who were ignorant of this one, and the voices of the prophets which are read on every Sabbath, they fulfilled them by having judged him to death. 13:28 And though no one found a crime worthy of death in him, they still asked Pilate to assassinate him. 13:29 Now as they completed all things which have been written concerning him, they took him down from the tree and laid him in a tomb. 13:30 But God raised him up from the dead; 13:31 and he was seen on many days by those who came up together with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses to the people. 13:32 And we are proclaiming to you° the good-news of the promise which came* to the fathers, that God has fulfilled this for us, their children, in that he raised* up Jesus; 13:33 as it has also been written in the second Psalm, 'You are my Son; I have fathered you today.' {Psa 2:7} 13:34 Now that he raised* him up from the dead, no longer being about to return to decay, he has spoken thus, I will be giving you° the holy faithful things of David. 13:35 Hence, he also says in different psalm, 'You will not be giving your Holy One to see decay.' {Psa 16:10} 13:36 For* indeed David, having attended to the plan of God in his own generation, fell-asleep and was added to his fathers and saw decay; 13:37 but he whom God raised up saw no decay. 13:38 Therefore brethren, let it be known to you° that forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you° through this one; 13:39 and everyone who believes is made righteous in this one; you° were not able to be made righteous from all the things of which were in the Law of Moses. 13:40 Therefore beware°, that what has been spoken in the prophets might not come upon you°: 13:41 'You° despisers, behold° and marvel° and disappear°, because I am working a work in your° days, a work which you° may never* believe, even if someone describes it to you°.' {Hab. 1:5}


     13:42 But when* the Jews went out of the synagogue, the Gentiles were pleading with him that the declarations might be spoken to them at the ensuing Sabbath. 13:43 Now when* the synagogue had been dissolved, many of the Jews and the pious Jewish-converts followed Paul and Barnabas; who, while speaking, were persuading them to remain in the favor of God.


     13:44 Now the coming Sabbath, almost all the city was gathered together to hear the word of God. 13:45 But the Jews, having seen the crowds, were filled up from jealousy, and were contradicting the things being spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming him.


     13:46 But Paul and Barnabas spoke out boldly and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first be spoken to you°. But since you° are thrusting it away from yourselves and are judging yourselves unworthy of everlasting life. Behold, we turn to the Gentiles. 13:47 For* so the Lord has commanded to us, saying, 'I have placed you *for a light of the Gentiles, that you should be *for salvation to the outermost parts of the earth.' {Isa 42:6}


     13:48 And when* the Gentiles heard this, they were rejoicing and glorifying the word of the Lord, and they believed as many as were appointing themselves toward everlasting life. 13:49 Now the word of the Lord was being carried through the whole region.


     13:50 But the Jews spurred on the pious and prominent women and the foremost ones of the city, and aroused a persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and cast them out of their borders. 13:51 But they shook-off the dirt of their feet against them and came to Iconium. 13:52 Now the disciples were being filled from joy and the Holy Spirit.



[Acts 14]



     14:1 Now it happened in Iconium according to the same thing, they entered together into the synagogue of the Jews and spoke, so-that a large multitude believed, both from the Jews and Greeks. 14:2 But the disobedient Jews aroused and embittered the souls of the Gentiles against the brethren. 14:3 Therefore, they indeed stayed a considerable time there, speaking boldly in the Lord, who was testifying to the word of his favor, giving signs and wonders to happen through their hands. 14:4 But the multitude of the city was split-apart, and some were together with the Jews and those others together with the apostles. 14:5 Now as it became an impulse of both of the Gentiles and of the Jews, together with their rulers, to abuse them and to stone them, 14:6 being conscious of it, they fled for refuge to the cities of Lycaonia, Lystra and Derbe, and the region around them. 14:7 And they were proclaiming the good-news there.



     14:8 And there was a certain man, who was sitting in Lystra, being* powerless in his feet, lame from his mother's womb, who had never* walked. 14:9 This one heard Paul speaking, who, having stared at him and seeing that he had faith to be cured, 14:10 said with a loud voice, Stand correctly upon your feet. And he was leaping up and walking.


     14:11 Now when* the crowd saw what Paul did, they lifted up their voice, saying in Lycaonian, The gods, who are similar to men, have come down to us. 14:12 And indeed, they were calling Barnabas, Zeus; but Paul, Hermes, since he was the leader of the speech. 14:13 Now the priest of Zeus, whose temple was before their city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates and were wishing to sacrifice them together with the crowds.


     14:14 But when* the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard it, they ripped their garments and dashed into the crowd, crying out 14:15 and saying, Men! Why are you° doing these things? We are also human, of like-feelings with you° and are proclaiming the good-news to you°: to turn away from these futile things to the living God, who made* the heaven, and the earth, and the sea, and all things in them; 14:16 who permitted all the nations in the generations which have gone-by, to conduct-themselves in their own ways. 14:17 Although he did not leave himself unwitnessed, by doing good, giving rainfalls and fruitful seasons to you° from heaven, filling our hearts with nourishment and joy. 14:18 And saying these things, they made the crowds cease from sacrificing to us with difficulty.



     14:19 But Jews came upon us there from Antioch and Iconium and having persuaded the crowds, they stoned Paul, and were dragging him outside the city, having supposed him to have died. 14:20 But the disciples surrounded him, having rose up, he entered into the city, and went forth on the next-day together with Barnabas to Derbe. 14:21 And having proclaimed the good-news to that city, and having made a considerable number of disciples, they returned to Lystra and Iconium and Antioch, 14:22 further strengthening the souls of the disciples, encouraging them to remain in the faith, and that it is essential for us through many afflictions to enter into the kingdom of God. 14:23 Now having assigned elders to them in every congregation*, and when* they had prayed with fastings, they consigned them to the Lord, in whom they had believed.


     14:24 And having gone through Pisidia, they came to Pamphylia. 14:25 And having spoken the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia; 14:26 and they sailed from there to Antioch, from where they were given to the favor of God, *for the work which they had fulfilled.



     {48-50 AD. Antioch. April 5, 49 AD A skirmish between Roman troops & the Jews at the Passover.}


     14:27 Now when* they came and gathered the congregation* together, they reported how-much God had done with them, and that he had opened a door of faith to the Gentiles. 14:28 Now they were staying there together with the disciples a time; not just a few.




[Acts 15]



     {50 AD. Jerusalem. Caractacus of Britain conquered and sent to Rome.}


     15:1 And some, came down from Judea, were teaching the brethren, saying, If you° are not circumcised after the custom of Moses, you° are unable to be saved. 15:2 Therefore, when* it happened, (not just a small dissension and debate by Paul and Barnabas with them), the brethren appointed Paul and Barnabas, and some others out of them, to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and elders concerning this debate.



     15:3 Therefore indeed, being sent onward by the congregation*, they were going through both Phoenicia and Samaria, describing the turning to God of the Gentiles, and they were producing great joy in all the brethren. 15:4 Now when* they came to Jerusalem, they were accepted by the congregation*, and the apostles and the elders, and they reported how-much God did with them. 15:5 But there rose up some of the sect of the Pharisees who have believed, saying, It is essential to circumcise them and to command them to keep the Law of Moses. {Gal. 2:1}



     15:6 Now the apostles and the elders were gathered together to see concerning this word {I.e. matter. Or speech.}. 15:7 Now after much debate had happened, Peter standing up, said to them, Brethren, you° know that from the days of old among us, God chose through my mouth, that the Gentiles were to hear the word of the good-news and to believe it. 15:8 And God, the knower of hearts, testified of them, having given them the Holy Spirit, just-as he did also to us; 15:9 and he made no distinction between us and them in the faith, having cleansed their hearts.


     15:10 Therefore now, why are you° testing God, that is to place a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers, nor we were strong-enough to bear? 15:11 But we believe that we will be saved through the favor of the Lord Jesus, according to what is in the same manner as they are also.



     15:12 Now all the multitude was silent, and they were hearing Barnabas and Paul describing how-much God did, in signs and wonders, among the Gentiles through them.


     15:13 Now after they were silent, James answered, saying, Brethren, hear° me. 15:14 Symeon has described, just-as how God visited the nations first, to take out of them a people for his name. 15:15 And the words of the prophets agree together with this; just-as it has been written, 15:16 'I will turn back after these things, and I will build the tabernacle of David again, which has fallen. And I will build its ruins again. And I will straighten it, 15:17 *that the rest of men may seek out the Lord, and all the nations, upon whom my name has been called, says the Lord, the one who is doing all these things,' {Amos 9:11, 12} 15:18 (known to God are all his works from the age {i.e. forever}.)


     15:19 Hence, I am deciding not to trouble those who are turning to God from among the Gentiles; 15:20 but to inform them by letter: to abstain from the pollutions of idols, and from fornication, and from what is strangled, and from blood. 15:21 For* Moses has those who preach him in every city, from ancient generations, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath.



     15:22 Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, together with the whole congregation*, to send chosen men from themselves together with Paul and Barnabas to Antioch, leading men among the brethren: Judas surnamed Barsabbas and Silas. {Gal. 2:13-15}



     15:23 They wrote these things through their hand:


     The apostles and the elders and brethren, to the brethren, those from the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia. Hail to you°!


     15:24 Since we have heard that some who went out from us have disturbed you° with words, upsetting your° souls; saying you° must be circumcised and to keep the law, to whom we ordered no such thing; 15:25 it seemed good to us, having become united, to choose out men together with our beloved Barnabas and Paul and send them to you°, 15:26 men who have given up their lives on behalf of the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15:27 Therefore we have sent Judas and Silas, who themselves will also be reporting to you° the same things through their speech. 15:28 For* it seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us, to place no more burden upon you° except* these necessary things: 15:29 that you° abstain from idol-sacrifices, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication. Keeping yourselves away from these things; you° will be practicing well.


     Good-bye.



     {James' letter is written. The beginning of the New Testament letters. There is a very strong possibility the Book of Mark may have been written around this time too or even before and maybe the Book of Matthew. One Good-news account for a Roman audience, one for a Jewish audience.}


     15:30 Therefore indeed, when* they were dismissed, they came down to Antioch, and having gathered the multitude together, they gave them the letter. 15:31 Now having read it, they rejoiced upon the encouragement. 15:32 And Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged the brethren through much speech also further strengthened them. 15:33 Now having spent some time there, they were dismissed in peace from the brethren to the apostles. 15:34 {T} But it seemed good to Silas to remain there. 15:35 But Paul and Barnabas were staying in Antioch with many others also, teaching and proclaiming the good-news of the word of the Lord.



     {Early in 51 to 53 AD. Antioch into Asia Minor & Europe. Paul's second missionary journey. Felix was made governor of Judea. Famine at Rome. Jews expelled from Rome.}


     15:36 Now after some days Paul said to Barnabas, We should return now! We should visit the brethren in every city in which we proclaimed the word of the Lord to see how they are holding up. 15:37 Now Barnabas also planned to take together with them John, the one called Mark. 15:38 But Paul was not deeming it worthy to take Mark together with them, the one who withdrew away from them from Pamphylia and did not go together with them to the work. 15:39 Therefore it happened: a sharp-disagreement, so-that they departed from one another, and Barnabas took Mark with him to sail away to Cyprus; 15:40 but Paul went forth, having chosen Silas, having been given to the favor of the Lord by the brethren. 15:41 Now he was going through Syria and Cilicia, further strengthening the congregations*.



[Acts 16]



     {52 AD. Paul going toward Europe.}


     16:1 Now he arrived in Derbe and Lystra, and behold, a certain disciple was there, Timothy by name, the son of a certain believing Jewess and a Greek father. 16:2 He was being testified of by the brethren in Lystra and Iconium. 16:3 This one, Paul wished to go forth together with him, and he took Timothy and circumcised him because of the Jews who are* in those places; for* they all knew that his father was Greek. 16:4 Now as they were traveling through the cities, they were giving them the decrees, to observe what had been decided by the apostles and the elders who were in Jerusalem. 16:5 Therefore indeed, the congregations* were being strengthened in the faith, and were abounding in number every day.



     16:6 Now they went through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia; 16:7 and when* they came down to Mysia, they were attempting to travel to Bithyna, and the Spirit did not permit them; 16:8 and passing by Mysia, they came down to Troas. 16:9 And a vision was seen by Paul in the night. There was a certain man, a Macedonian, standing, pleading with him and saying, When* you have crossed over into Macedonia, help us! 16:10 Now as he saw the vision, we immediately sought to go forth into Macedonia, concluding that the Lord has called us to proclaim the good-news to them.



          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     16:11 Therefore setting-sail from Troas, we made a straight route to Samothrace, and the next day to Neapolis; 16:12 and from there to Philippi, which is the first city of that part of Macedonia, a Roman colony. Now we were staying in the city for some days. 16:13 And on the Sabbath day, we went forth outside the city beside a river, where we supposed it to be a place of prayer, and having sat down and we were speaking to the women who had come together. 16:14 And a certain woman, Lydia by name, a seller of purple of the city of Thyatira was hearing us and worshiping God, whose heart the Lord opened to take-heed to the things being spoken from Paul. 16:15 Now as she and her household were immersed*, she pleaded with us, saying, If you° have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, abide° here, having entered into my house. And she constrained us.



     {52 AD. Philippi.}


     16:16 Now it happened, while traveling to the place of prayer, that a certain maidservant encountered us, having a spirit of divination, who was providing her lords much business by fortune-telling. 16:17 This maidservant was crying out, having followed after Paul and us, saying, These men are bondservants of the Highest God, who are proclaiming to us the way of salvation. 16:18 Now she was doing this for many days. But Paul, also being pained, turned and said to the spirit, I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come forth away from her. And it came out in the same hour.



     16:19 But when* her lords saw that the hope of their business was gone, grabbing Paul and Silas, they dragged them into the marketplace in front of the rulers. 16:20 Having led them to the magistrates, they said, These men, being* Jews, are disturbing our city, 16:21 and are proclaiming customs which it is not legal for us to accept, or to do, being Romans. 16:22 And the crowd stood up together against them, and the magistrates, having ripped off their garments, were commanding the sergeants to lash them with rods. 16:23 And having laid many lashes on them, they cast them into prison, after having commanded the jailor to securely guard them. 16:24 Having received such a command, he cast them into the inner prison and secured their feet in the wood stocks.



          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     16:25 But toward midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns to God and the prisoners were their audience; 16:26 and suddenly there became a great earthquake, so-that the foundations of the prison were shaken, and instantly all the doors were opened and everyone's bonds were lax. 16:27 But the jailor, came* out of sleep and saw the doors of the prison had been open, drew his sword and was about to assassinate himself, supposing the prisoners to have fled. 16:28 But Paul shouted with a loud voice, saying, Do nothing evil to yourself; for* we are all here.


     16:29 Now when* he asked for lights, he dashed in and came* in trembling, and fell down before Paul and Silas, 16:30 and having led them out, he said, Lords, what is essential for me to do in order that I might be saved?


     16:31 Now they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you will be saved, you and your house. 16:32 And they spoke the word of the Lord to him, to all who were in his house. 16:33 And having taken them in that same hour of the night, he fully-washed their lashes, and he and all his household were instantly immersed*. 16:34 And he led them up into his house and placed a table before them, and was glad with all his household, all having believed in God.



     16:35 But when* it became day, the magistrates sent the sergeants, saying, Release those men.


     16:36 Now the jailor reported these words to Paul, saying, The magistrates have sent me in order that you° should be released. Therefore when* you come out now, travel° in peace.


     16:37 But Paul said to them, They have whipped us in public, uncondemned men who are* Romans, and have cast us into prison, and are they now casting us out secretly? No, but when* they come, let them lead us outside.


     16:38 Now the sergeants reported these words to the magistrates and they feared, having heard that they were Romans. 16:39 And when* they came, they pleaded with them, and having led them outside, they asked them to go out away from the city.


     16:40 Now when* they came out of the prison and they entered into the house of Lydia, and having seen the brethren, they encouraged them and went out.



[Acts 17]



     {52 AD. Thessalonica, Berea. Preaching in Macedonia.}


     17:1 Now having traveled through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was the synagogue of the Jews. 17:2 Now according to his custom, Paul entered to them and upon three Sabbath days reasoned with them from the Scriptures, 17:3 opening and placing before them that it was essential for the Christ to have suffered and to have risen* up from the dead, and that this Jesus, whom I am proclaiming to you°, is the Christ. 17:4 And some of them obeyed and adhered to Paul and Silas and a large multitude of the pious Greeks, and not just a few of the foremost women.


     17:5 But the disobedient Jews took for themselves some evil men from among the market-loafers, and having amassed a crowd, the city was in an uproar, and standing against the house of Jason, they were seeking to lead them into the public court. 17:6 Now when* they did not find them, they were dragging Jason and some brethren in front of the city rulers, crying, These men who have unsettled the inhabited-earth are also presently here; 17:7 whom Jason has accepted and all these practice things adverse to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is a different king, a Jesus. 17:8 Now hearing these things, they disturbed the crowd and city rulers, 17:9 and having taken sufficient money from Jason and the rest, they released them.



     17:10 Now the brethren immediately sent out both Paul and Silas through the night to Berea, who, when* they came there, went into the synagogue of the Jews. 17:11 Now these Jews were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they accepted the word with all eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily, to see if these things were so. 17:12 Therefore indeed, many out of them believed; also not just a few of the prominent Greek women and men. 17:13 Now as the Jews of Thessalonica knew that the word of God was also proclaimed by Paul in Berea, they also went there, shaking up the crowds. 17:14 Now the brethren then immediately sent Paul forth to travel as far as to the sea, but both Silas and Timothy were remaining back there.



     {52-53 AD. Paul at Athens, Greece.}


     17:15 But those standing over Paul led him to Athens. And taking a commandment to Silas and Timothy in order that they might come to him as quickly as possible, they went out there.



     17:16 Now while Paul is waiting for them in Athens, the spirit was being irritated in him, while viewing the idol ridden city. 17:17 Therefore indeed, he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews and the pious ones, and in the marketplace every day with those who chanced upon him. 17:18 Now also some of the Epicureans and Stoic philosophers were encountering* him and some were saying, Whatever does this babbler wish to say?


     Some said, He seems to be a proclaimer of strange demons {i.e. gods to the Greeks}, because he is proclaiming the good-news of Jesus and the resurrection.


     17:19 And they grabbed him and led him to the Areopagus, saying, Are we able to know what this new teaching is, which is spoken by you? 17:20 For* you are bringing some surprising things to our ears. Therefore, we plan to know what these things might wish to be {i.e. mean}. 17:21 (Now all from Athens and the inhabiting strangers had leisure time *for nothing other than to tell and to hear something new.)


     17:22 Now Paul stood in the middle of the Areopagus and was saying, Men of Athens, I view that you° are like religious according to all things. 17:23 For* while going through the city and reviewing your° worshiped objects, I also found an altar in which had been written, To An Unknown God. Therefore I am proclaiming to you°, who are ignorant, this one to whom you° are devout. 17:24 The God, who made* the world and all things in it, this one being* Lord of heaven and earth, is not dwelling in temples made* with hands; 17:25 nor is he assisted by men's hands, as if needy of anything, he is giving to all, life and breath in all things. 17:26 And he made* of one blood every nation of men to dwell upon all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed seasons and the borders of their residence; 17:27 that they are to seek the Lord, if then, they might yet grope after him and might find him, for-sure, he is* {Or: exists} not far from each one of us. 17:28 For* we live and move and are in him; as some also, according to your° own poets, have said, For* we are also his offspring. {Possible reference to a Stoic poet, Aratus of Soli in Cilicia 270BC or Epimendes 600BC.} 17:29 Therefore being* the offspring of God, we ought not to suppose that God is similar to gold or silver or stone, or a carved thing from a craft and the contemplation of man. 17:30 Therefore indeed, God overlooked the times of ignorance. Hereafter, he is commanding all men everywhere to repent; 17:31 because he has established a future day in which to judge the inhabited-earth in righteousness in the man whom he has determined beforehand; having provided the faith to all, by having raised* him from the dead.


     17:32 Now when* they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some were sneering, but some said, We will hear you concerning this again. 17:33 And so Paul went out from the midst of them. 17:34 But some men, having joined themselves to him, believed; among whom was also Dionysius the Areopagite and a woman, Damaris by name, and others together with them.



[Acts 18]



     {52-53 AD. Paul at Corinth in Greece.}


     18:1 Now after these things, Paul, having departed from Athens, came to Corinth. 18:2 And he found a certain Jew, Aquila by name, and his wife Priscilla, a man of Pontus by race, who recently had come from Italy because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart out of Rome. He came to them 18:3 also because he was of the same craft. He was remaining and working beside them, for* they were tent makers, by the craft. 18:4 Now he was reasoning in the synagogue every Sabbath and was persuading Jews and Greeks.



     18:5 Now as Silas and Timothy came down from Macedonia, Paul was being troubled in the spirit, thoroughly testifying to the Jews: the Christ Jesus. 18:6 Now while they were resisting us and blaspheming God, he shook-off his garment and said to them, Your° blood is upon your° own heads. I am clean. I will be traveling to the Gentiles from hereafter. 18:7 And he proceeded from there and went into the house of a certain man, Justus by name, one who worshiped God, whose house was adjoining to the synagogue.



          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     18:8 Now Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed in the Lord together with his whole house {1Co 1:14}.


     And many of the Corinthians hearing, were believing and were being immersed*.



     18:9 Now the Lord said to Paul through a vision in the night, Do not be afraid, but speak out and do not be silent, 18:10 because I am with you and no one will be laying a hand on you to mistreat you, because there are many people in this city believing in me. 18:11 And he stuck-around there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.



     {Paul's First & Second Letters to the Thessalonians are written.}


     18:12 Now Gallio being proconsul of Achaia, the Jews stood up united against Paul and led him in front of the judicial-seat, 18:13 saying, This one is persuading men to worship God contrary to the law. 18:14 But when* Paul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the Jews, Therefore if it was indeed some wrongdoing or evil villainy, O you° Jews, I might tolerate you° according to reason. 18:15 But if there are debates concerning words and names and law which is according to you°, you° will see to it yourselves; for* I am not willing to be a judge of these things. 18:16 And he drove them away from the judicial-seat. 18:17 Now all the Greeks grabbed Sosthenes, the ruler of the synagogue, and were beating him before the judicial-seat. And Gallio was not about to judge anything. 18:18 But Paul, having remained after this still a considerable number of days, bid farewell to the brethren.



     {Sept., 54 AD. Paul leaves Europe toward Antioch. Claudius dies; Nero becomes Emperor at Rome in Oct.}


     Now he sailed away to Syria, and together with him was Priscilla and Aquila; having sheared his head in Cenchreae; for* he had a vow. 18:19 Now they arrived in Ephesus and he left them there*, and having entered into the synagogue, he reasoned with the Jews. 18:20 Now they were requesting him to remain on for more time with them, he did not signal-agreement; 18:21 but he bid farewell to them, saying, It is certainly essential for me to make* the coming feast in Jerusalem but I will revisit to you° again, God willing. He set-sail away from Ephesus.


     18:22 And when* he came down into Caesarea, he went up and greeted the congregation* and went down into Antioch.



     {Late 54 AD. Paul's Third Missionary Journey. Josephus, age 16, starts his literary career.}


     18:23 And having spent some time there, he came out and went through the region of Galatia and afterwards Phrygia, further strengthening all the disciples.



     18:24 Now a certain Jew, Apollos by name, from Alexandria by birth, a cultured man, arrived in Ephesus, being mighty in the Scriptures. 18:25 This one was instructing people in the way of the Lord, and being zealous in his spirit, he was speaking and teaching accurately the things concerning the Lord, but only knowing the immersion* of John. 18:26 And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue. But when* Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they took him over to themselves and expounded to him the way of God more accurately. 18:27 Now while planning to go into Achaia, the brethren exhorted him and wrote to the disciples to accept him when* he came. He supported many who had believed through the favor of God; 18:28 for* he was thoroughly and intensely refuting the Jews in public, showing through the Scriptures that Jesus was the Christ.



[Acts 19]



     {May, 55 - May 58 AD. Ephesus. Paul's Letter to the Galatians is written.}


          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     19:1 Now it happened, that while* Apollos was in Corinth, Paul, having gone through the upper-parts of the region, came to Ephesus and found some disciples. 19:2 He said to them, Did you° receive the Holy Spirit when* you° believed?


     But they said to him, But, we did not hear if there is a Holy Spirit.


     19:3 And he said to them, Therefore into what were you° immersed*?


     But they said, Into the immersion* of John.


     19:4 But Paul said, John indeed immersed* in the immersion* of repentance, saying to the people in order that they should believe in the one who is coming after him, that is, in the Christ Jesus. 19:5 Now having heard this, they were immersed* into the name of the Lord Jesus. 19:6 And when* Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they were speaking in foreign languages and were prophesying. 19:7 Now they were in all approximately twelve men.



     19:8 Now having entered into the synagogue, he was speaking boldly for three months, reasoning and persuading as to the things concerning the kingdom of God. 19:9 But as some were hardened and disobedient, speaking evil of the Way in the sight of the multitude, he withdrew away from them and separated* the disciples, reasoning every day in the school of a certain Tyrannus. 19:10 Now this happened in two years; so-that all those dwelling in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks. 19:11 And God was doing miracles (not obtainable from man) through the hands of Paul; 19:12 so-that even handkerchiefs or aprons from the touch of his skin were carried away to those who were sick and the diseases were set-free from them and the evil spirits went out from them.


     19:13 But also, some exorcists from the strolling Jews undertook the task to name the name of the Lord Jesus upon those who had the evil spirits, saying, We implore you° on the Jesus whom Paul is preaching. 19:14 Now there were some (seven sons of Sceva) and a Jew, a high-priest, who were doing this.


     19:15 But the evil spirit having answered, said to them, I know Jesus, and I know Paul, but who are you°? 19:16 And the man in whom the evil spirit was, leaping upon them and having mastered, prevailed against them, so-that they fled out of that house, naked and traumatized.


     19:17 Now this became known to all, both Jews and Greeks, dwelling in Ephesus, and fear fell upon them all and the name of the Lord Jesus was being extolled. 19:18 Many of those who had also believed were coming, confessing and proclaiming their practices. 19:19 Now a considerable number of those who practiced magical arts brought their books together and were burning them in the sight of all, and they calculated the prices of them and found it to be fifty thousand pieces of silver. 19:20 So the word of the Lord was growing and prevailing in dominion.



     19:21 Now as these things were fulfilled, Paul purposed in the spirit to travel to Jerusalem, after having gone through Macedonia and Achaia, and said, After I have come* there, it is essential for me to also see Rome. 19:22 Now having sent Timothy and Erastus, two of those serving him, into Macedonia, he held back in Asia for a short time.



     {56-58 AD. Ephesus. Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians is written.}


     19:23 Now it happened at that time there was not just a small disturbance concerning the Way. 19:24 For* a certain man, Demetrius by name, (a silversmith making* miniature silver temples of Artemis), was providing not just a small business to the craftsmen; 19:25 whom he accumulated together the other workers of such things and said, Men, you° know our prosperity is from this business. 19:26 And you° view and hear, that not only from Ephesus, but almost all of Asia, this Paul has persuaded and seduced a considerable crowd, saying that they are not gods, those born through man's hands. 19:27 But not only is this part for us in peril and it is to go into disrepute but also the temple of the great goddess Artemis is to be counted as nothing and her majesty is about to be demolished, what the whole of Asia and inhabited-earth is worshiping.



     19:28 Now having heard this, and having become full of fury, they were crying out, saying, Great is Artemis of Ephesus. 19:29 And the whole city was filled with confusion and they rushed united into the theater, having seized Paul's fellow traveling-associates, Gaius and Aristarchus, who were Macedonians. 19:30 Now Paul was planning to enter into the public area, but the disciples were not permitting him. 19:31 But some also of those from Asia, being friends to him, and having sent for him, they were pleading with him not to give himself to the theater crowd. 19:32 Therefore some were crying something and others another thing; for* the assembly was confused, and most did not know why they had come together. 19:33 But they pushed Alexander forward out of the crowd with the Jews, casting him forward. Now Alexander, having beckoned with the hand, was wishing to make a defense to the public. 19:34 But when* they recognized that he was a Jew, one voice became out of them all for approximately two hours, crying, Great is Artemis of the Ephesians. 19:35 But having the composure of the crowd, the town scribe says, Men of Ephesus, for* what man is there who does not know that the city of the Ephesians is temple-keeper of the great goddess Artemis and of the fallen image from Zeus? 19:36 Therefore these things being undeniable, it is essential for you° to possess composure and to do nothing rash. 19:37 For* you° have led these men here, who are neither temple looters nor are blaspheming your goddess. 19:38 Therefore indeed, if Demetrius and the craftsmen who are together with him have an account toward anyone, lower-courts are to be led and proconsuls are here. Let them accuse one another in them. 19:39 But if you° seek anything concerning different things, it will be interpreted in the lawful assembly. 19:40 For* we also are in peril to be accused concerning today's riot, no cause exists for it and concerning it, we will not be able to give account of this conspiracy. 19:41 And having said these things, he dismissed the assembly.



[Acts 20]



     {May 58 to March 59 AD. Games in honor of Artemis at Ephesus. 10 months in Europe (Macedonia & Greece). Paul's Second Letter to the Corinthians is written.}


     20:1 Now after the uproar ceased, having called the disciples, Paul hugged them. Then he came out to travel into Macedonia.



     20:2 Now having gone through those parts and having encouraged them with much speech, he came into Greece. 20:3 And he made his stay there three months. {AD 58, Paul's Letter to the Romans is written. Luke joins Paul.}


     When* it became known to him of a pact by the Jews, while being about to set-sail *for Syria, it became his intention to return through Macedonia. 20:4 Now Sopater from Berea, and the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus, and Gaius from Derbe, and Timothy and Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia, were accompanying him to Asia. 20:5 But these having gone ahead, were remaining in Troas for us. 20:6 Now we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread {i.e. Passover}, and came to them in Troas until {i.e. within} five days, where we stayed seven days.


     20:7 Now on the first day of the week, the disciples having been gathered together with us to break bread, Paul was reasoning many things with them, being about to go away on the next-day, and he was prolonging the speech {Or: sermon} till midnight. 20:8 Now a considerable number of lamps were in the upstairs-room where we were gathering together with them. 20:9 But a certain young-man, Eutychus by name, while sitting in the window, being carried away by deep sleep, while Paul is reasoning on even more, fell downward, having finally been carried away by his sleep, from the third story and was raised up being dead. 20:10 Now Paul went down and fell upon him, and having embraced him, said, Do° not be in an uproar, for* his life is in him.


     20:11 Now when* he had gone up, and having broken the bread and having eaten and conversed on for a considerable time till dawn, so he went away. 20:12 And they led the living child Eutychus upstairs, and they were immeasurably comforted.



     20:13 But having gone on the ship, we set-sail to Assos, being about to take up Paul from there; for* so he had commanded, he himself being about to go on foot. 20:14 Now as he encountered* us in Assos, we took him up and went to Mitylene. 20:15 And having sailing from there, we arrived the next day opposite Chios, and we put the ship in at Samos, and having remained in Trogyllium, we came to Miletus on the next day. 20:16 For* Paul had decided to sail by Ephesus; for* he was hurrying, *that it might not happen to him to loiter any in Asia; if it was possible for him to come* into Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost.



     {Early 59 AD. Miletus.}


     20:17 Now from Miletus, he sent to Ephesus and called the elders of the congregation*. 20:18 Now as they came* to him, he said to them, You° know, from the first day of which I stepped into Asia, how I happened to be with you° all the time, 20:19 serving* the Lord with all humility and from many tears, and from tests which befell me among the pacts of the Jews; 20:20 how I did not retreat back in anything of what is advantageous for you°, proclaiming and teaching you° in public and in every house, 20:21 thoroughly testifying both to Jews and to Greeks the repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus. 20:22 And now, behold, I travel to Jerusalem, having been bound in the spirit, not knowing the things which will be meeting with me there, 20:23 except* that the Holy Spirit is thoroughly testifying to me in every city, saying that bonds and afflictions are remaining for me. 20:24 But I make* account of nothing, nor am I holding my life as precious to myself, as I desire to complete my course with joy, and the service which I received from the Lord Jesus, to thoroughly testify the good-news of the favor of God. 20:25 And now, behold, I know that you° all, among whom I went through preaching the kingdom of God, will be seeing my face no more, 20:26 because I testify to you° on this very day, that I am clean from the blood of all men. 20:27 For* I did not retreat back from proclaiming to you° the whole plan of God. 20:28 Therefore, take-heed° to yourselves and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit placed you° as overseers, to shepherd the congregation* of the Lord and God, which the Lord acquired through his own blood. 20:29 I know this: after my goodbye, cruel wolves will be entering into you°, not sparing the flock; 20:30 and men will be standing up from among yourselves, speaking perverse things, to pull away the disciples after themselves. 20:31 Hence watch°, remembering that for three years I ceased not from admonishing each one of you° every day with tears. 20:32 And hereafter I consign you° brethren to God, and to the word of his favor, which is able to build you° up and to give you° an inheritance among all those who have been made holy. 20:33 I coveted no one's silver or gold or garment. 20:34 You° yourselves know that these hands attended to my needs, and to those being with me. 20:35 I showed to you° an example in all things, that so laboring, it is essential to help the weak and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, that he himself said, It is more fortunate to give than to receive.



     20:36 And having said these things, he placed himself on his knees and prayed together with them all. 20:37 But there became considerable weeping from all, and having fallen upon Paul's neck, they were kissing him, 20:38 sorrowing especially upon the word which he had spoken, because they are about to view his face no more. Now they were sending him onward to the ship.



[Acts 21]



     {Early 59 AD. Journey to Jerusalem.}


     21:1 Now it happened to set-sail, when* they pulled away from them, we made a straight route to Cos, and the next day to Rhodes, and from there to Patara. 21:2 And having found a ship, ferrying people over into Phoenicia, we stepped on and set-sail. 21:3 Now when* Cyprus had appeared, leaving it on the left, we were sailing to Syria and brought* the ship into Tyre; for* the ship was unloading her cargo there. 21:4 And having found disciples, we remained there* seven days, and these disciples were saying to Paul through the Spirit, that he should not go up to Jerusalem. 21:5 Now when it happened for us to finish the days there, we came out and were traveling on, and they all, together with their wives and children, sent us onward until we were outside the city, and having placed the knees down upon the beach, we prayed, 21:6 and having hugged one another, we stepped onto the ship, but those others returned to their own.



     21:7 Now we, having terminated the voyage from Tyre, arrived in Ptolemais, and we greeted the brethren and remained with them for one day. 21:8 Now on the next-day, Paul and those around him, having went out, came to Caesarea, and entering into the house of Philip the evangelist, who was one of the seven, we remained with him. 21:9 Now there was to this one four prophesying virgin daughters. 21:10 Now while we are remaining there even more days, a certain prophet from Judea, Agabus by name, came down. 21:11 And he came to us and took Paul's belt, and having bound his own feet and hands, said, The Holy Spirit says these things, The Jews in Jerusalem will be binding thus the man whose belt this is, and will be giving him up into the hands of the Gentiles. 21:12 Now as we heard these things, both we and those locally were pleading with him not to go into Jerusalem.


     21:13 But Paul answered, What are you° doing, weeping and crushing my heart? For* I am not only ready to be bound, but also to die in Jerusalem on behalf of the name of the Lord Jesus.


     21:14 But when* he was not persuaded, we were quiet, saying, Let the will of the Lord happen.



     {End of Paul's Third Missionary Journey.}


     21:15 Now after these days, we packed up our baggage and were going up to Jerusalem. 21:16 But there also went together with us some of the disciples from Caesarea, leading us before someone named Mnason from Cyprus, an old disciple in the faith, with whom they said we should lodge.


     21:17 Now when* we came* to Jerusalem, the brethren gladly accepted us.



     {May 23, 59 AD. Paul's fifth visit to Jerusalem.}


     21:18 Now the next day, Paul was going in together with us to James, and all the elders came. 21:19 And having greeted them, he was describing one by one each of the things God had done among the Gentiles through his service. 21:20 Now when* they heard it, they were glorifying the Lord, having said to him, You are now viewing brother, how many tens of thousands there are of the Jews who have believed, and they are* all zealous ones of the law; 21:21 and they have been instructed concerning you, that you are teaching apostasy from Moses to all the Jews among the nations, telling them not to circumcise their children nor to walk according to the customs.


     21:22 Therefore what is this?


     It is essential for the multitude to certainly come together; for* they will be hearing that you have come. 21:23 Therefore you do this thing, what we say to you. We have four men who have a vow upon themselves. 21:24 Paul, take these and purify yourself together with them, and be spent for them, in order that they may shave their heads and the things of which they have been instructed concerning you are nothing, but you yourself also march accordingly, observing the law.


      21:25 But concerning the Gentiles who have believed, we have informed them by letter, after having decided, to observe no such thing, except to keep themselves from idol-sacrifices, and from blood, and from what is strangled, and from fornication.


     21:26 Then Paul took the men and in the next day, they were going into the temple having been purified together with them, thus thoroughly proclaiming the fulfillment of the days of purification, until the offering was offered on behalf of each one of them.



     21:27 Now as the seven days were about to be completed, the Jews from Asia, when* they saw him in the temple, were inciting all the crowd and put hands upon him, 21:28 crying out, Men, Israelites, help°! This one is the man who is teaching all people everywhere, against the Jewish people and the law and this place, and even more, he led Greeks into the temple and has desecrated this holy place. 21:29 For* they were seeing Trophimus the Ephesian together with him among the city, whom they were supposing that Paul had led into the temple.


     21:30 Now the whole city was moved and there happened to be a running of the people together, and grabbing Paul, they were dragging him outside the temple and immediately the doors were locked.


     21:31 But while seeking to kill him, information came up to the commander of the cohort {600 soldiers}, that the whole Jerusalem has been incited to riot. 21:32 Who promptly, having taken soldiers and centurions, ran down upon them. And those who saw the commander and the soldiers, ceased beating Paul. 21:33 Now the commander drew near and grabbed him, and commanded him to be bound with two chains, and inquired who he might be, and what he is doing. 21:34 But some in the crowd were crying one thing, some another thing, and when* he was not able to know the certainty of who he was because of the uproar, he commanded him to be led into the encampment. 21:35 But when he came* upon the steps, it befell him to be bore by the soldiers because of the violence of the crowd; 21:36 for* the multitude of the people was following after, crying out, Take him away.



     21:37 But when* Paul is about to be led into the encampment, he says to the commander, Is it legal for me to speak to you?


     And he said, Do you know Greek? 21:38 Are you not then the Egyptian who before these days unsettled the city, and led the four thousand men of the Assassins out into the wilderness?


     21:39 But Paul said, I am a Jew, indeed a man from Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no insignificant city, and I beseech of you, permit me to speak to the people. 21:40 Now having permitted him, Paul, standing upon the steps, beckoned with the hand to the people, and when* there became much silence, he was shouting to them in the Hebrew language, saying, [Acts 22] 22:1 Brethren and fathers! Hear° my defense which I now make to you°. 22:2 But when* they heard that he was shouting to them in the Hebrew language, this provided even more quietness, and he says, 22:3 I Indeed am a Jew, and having been born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but having been reared in this city beside the feet of Gamaliel, having been educated according to the exactness of the Law of our forefathers, being* a zealous one of God, just-as you° all are today; 22:4 and I persecuted this Way to the death, binding and giving into prisons both men and women. 22:5 As also the high-priest and all the eldership can testify of me; from whom I also accepted letters to the brethren, and I was traveling to Damascus and would be leading also the ones there who were bound to Jerusalem in order that they might be punished.



          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     22:6 Now it happened to me, while traveling and drawing near to Damascus, around midday, a considerable light from heaven suddenly flashed around me. 22:7 And I fell to the solid-ground and heard a voice saying to me, Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?


     22:8 But I answered, Who are you, Lord?


     And he said to me, I am Jesus the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting.


     22:9 But those who were together with me indeed saw the light and became fearful, but they did not hear with understanding the voice of the one who spoke to me. 22:10 But I said, What should I do, Lord?


     But the Lord said to me, When* you stand up, travel into Damascus, and it will be spoken to you there concerning all things which have been appointed for you to do.


     22:11 Now as I was not seeing anything apart from the glory of that light, I came into Damascus, being led by the hand by those who were together with me. 22:12 Now a certain one named Ananias, a devout man according to the law, being testified of by all the Jews dwelling there, 22:13 came to me, and standing by me said to me, Brother Saul, recover your sight! And I looked up at him in the same hour. 22:14 Now he said, The God of our fathers has assigned you to know his will, and to see the Righteous One, and to hear a voice from his mouth. 22:15 Because you will be a witness for him to all men of what you have seen and heard. 22:16 And now, why are you hesitating? When* you stand up, be immersed* and fully-wash away your sins, calling upon the name of the Lord.


     22:17 Now it happened to me, having returned to Jerusalem, and in my praying in the temple, I came* to be in a trance, 22:18 and saw him saying to me, Hurry, and go forth quickly out of Jerusalem, because they will not be accepting the testimony from you concerning me.


     22:19 And I said, Lord, they themselves know that I was imprisoning and whipping them in every synagogue, those who believe on you; 22:20 and when* the blood of Stephen, your witness, was being shed, I was also standing by and was consenting to the his assassination, guarding the garments of those assassinating him.


     22:21 And he said to me, Travel on, because I will be sending you forth to the Gentiles who are afar.



     22:22 Now they were hearing him till this speech, and they lifted up their voice, saying, Take such a one away from the earth; for* it was not proper for him to live.


     22:23 Now when* they were crying out and tossing off their garments and casting dust into the air, 22:24 the commander commanded him to be led into the encampment, saying, He is to be interrogated by scourges, in order that he might fully know because of what crime they were shouting out against him so.


     22:25 But as they stretched him out with the straps, Paul said to the centurion who is standing there, Is it legal for you° to scourge a Roman man and uncondemned?


     22:26 But when* the centurion heard it, he went to the commander and reported to him, saying, Behold, what are you about to do? For* this man is a Roman.


     22:27 Now the commander came and said to him, Tell me if you are a Roman.


     Now he said, Yes.


     22:28 And the commander answered, I procured this citizenship of a large sum.


     But Paul said, But I have even been Roman born.


     22:29 Therefore those who are about to interrogate him immediately withdrew from him. The commander was also afraid, having recognized that he is a Roman, and because he was binding him.



     22:30 But on the next-day, planning to know the certainty of why he is accused of something from the Jews, he loosed him from the bonds, and commanded the high-priests and their whole council to come and having led Paul there he stood him toward them.



[Acts 23]



     23:1 Now Paul, having staring toward the council, said, Men, brethren, I have behaved-as a Jewish citizen toward God in all good conscience till this day.


     23:2 But the high-priest Ananias commanded to those who are standing beside him to beat his mouth.


     23:3 Then Paul said to him, God is about to beat you, the whitewashed wall. And you sit judging me according to the law, and yet violating the law, you are commanding me to be beaten.


     23:4 But those who are standing beside him said, Are you reviling God's high-priest?


     23:5 And Paul said, Brethren, I did not know that he was the high-priest; for* it has been written, 'You will not speak evilly of a ruler of your people.' {Exo 22:28} 23:6 But when* Paul knew that the one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men, brethren, I am a Pharisee, a son of a Pharisee. I am being judged concerning the hope and resurrection of the dead. 23:7 But when* he said this, there became a dissension from the Pharisees and the multitude was split-apart. 23:8 (For* the Sadducees indeed say that there is no resurrection, neither messenger nor spirit, but the Pharisees are confessing both.)


     23:9 Now there became a great outcry, and part of the scribes of the Pharisees stood up and were quarreling, saying, We are finding no evil in this man, but if a spirit has spoken to him, or a messenger, we should not quarrel against God. 23:10 Now when* much dissension happened, the commander, being scared, lest Paul might be torn to shreds by them, commanded the army to go down and seize him from the midst of them, and lead him back into the encampment.



     23:11 Now when* the Lord stood by him the next night, he said, Paul, have courage; for* as you have thoroughly testified concerning me in Jerusalem, so it is essential for you to also testify in Rome.



     23:12 Now when* it became day, some of the Jews made* a conspiracy and they vowed for themselves, saying, they were neither to eat nor to drink until they should have killed Paul. 23:13 Now they were more-than forty who had made* this gang; 23:14 who came to the high-priests and the elders and said, We have vowed to be accursed, to taste nothing until we should have killed Paul. 23:15 Therefore now, you°, together with the council, disclose° it to the commander *that he should be led to you° the next-day, as if being about to investigate more accurately the things concerning him. Now we are ready to assassinate him before he draws near.


     23:16 But Paul's sister's son, having heard of their murderous plot, came and entered into the encampment and reported to Paul. 23:17 Now Paul, having called one of the centurions, said, Lead this young-man away to the commander; for* he has something to report to him.


     23:18 Therefore indeed, he took him and led him to the commander and says, Paul the prisoner, having called me, asked me to lead this young-man to you, who has something to say to you.


     23:19 Now the commander grabbed his hand and departed privately, and was inquiring, What is it that you have to report to me?


     23:20 Now he said, The Jews themselves have covenanted together to ask you *that you should lead Paul into the Jewish council the next-day, as if being about to inquire more accurately something concerning him. 23:21 Therefore you, do not be persuaded by them; for* more-than forty out of them are plotting against him, who have vowed for themselves neither to eat nor to drink until they should have assassinated him, and they are ready now, waiting for the promise from you.


     23:22 Therefore indeed, the commander dismissed the young-man, having commanding him to tell no one that you have disclosed these things to me.


     {May 25, 59 AD. Paul is sent to the political capital at Caesarea.}


     23:23 And having called to him a certain two of the centurions, he said, Prepare° for the third hour of the night {i.e. 9:00 PM} two hundred soldiers and seventy horsemen and two hundred spearmen, *that they should travel to Caesarea, 23:24 and animals to be present, that* having mounted Paul upon one of them, they might save him for Felix the governor.



     23:25 Now he wrote a letter in this pattern containing:



23:26 Claudius Lysias to the most-excellent governor Felix. Hail to you. 23:27 When* this man was taken by the Jews and being about to be assassinated by them, I stood up together with the soldiers and liberated him, having learned that he was a Roman. 23:28 But planning to know the accusation (because of which they were accusing him), I led him into their council; 23:29 whom I found to be accused concerning debates of their law, but having nothing in way of an accusation worthy of death or of bonds. 23:30 But when* it was divulged to me of a future pact by the Jews *for the man, I promptly sent him to you, having also commanded his accusers to speak the things to him in front of you. Good-bye.



     23:31 Therefore indeed, the soldiers, according to what had been commanded to them, took Paul and led him through the night to Antipatris. 23:32 But on the next-day, having permitted the horsemen to travel together with him, they returned to the encampment, 23:33 who, having entered into Caesarea, and having given over the letter to the governor, also presented Paul to him. 23:34 Now the governor read the letter and having asked: What province is he from? And having inquired: he is from Cilicia. 23:35 He was saying, I will hear you fully whenever your accusers have also come. And he commanded him to be guarded in Herod's palace.



[Acts 24]



     {May 30, 59 AD. Paul before Felix, a prisoner two years at Caesarea. In 59 AD Festus becomes governor of Judea.}


     24:1 Now after five days, the high-priest Ananias with the elders and an orator came down, someone named Tertullus, who disclosed to the governor the charges against Paul. 24:2 Now having been called, Tertullus began to accuse Paul, saying, We are obtaining much peace through you and public-reforms are happening to this nation through your forethought. 24:3 We are accepting it both in all things and everywhere, with all thanksgiving, most-excellent Felix. 24:4 But in order that I may not hinder you more, I plead with you by your gentleness to hear us briefly. 24:5 For* we have found this man a plague, and he is moving this dissension to all the Jews throughout the inhabited-earth. And he is a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes; 24:6 who also attempted to profane the temple; whom we also took-hold of. {T} And was willing to be judged according to our law. 24:7 Now Lysias the commander having come near, with much violence, did take away Paul out of our hands, 24:8 having commanded his accusers to come to you. From whom, having examined him, you will be able to fully know concerning all these things of which we are accusing him. 24:9 But the Jews themselves banded together in the attack, thus claiming these things to hold truth.



     24:10 Now when* the governor had signaled to him to speak, Paul answered, Having known you are a judge to this nation out of many years experience. I am cheerfully making my defense of these things concerning myself. 24:11 You surely are able to know that it is not more-than twelve days to me from which time I went up to worship in Jerusalem; 24:12 and they did not find me reasoning angrily with anyone, or making* a hostile gathering of the crowd in the temple, nor in the synagogues, nor in the city, 24:13 nor are they able to present things concerning me, of which they are now accusing me. 24:14 But I confess this thing to you, that thus I am giving-divine service to the God of our forefathers according to The Way, which they call* a sect, believing all things which are according to the law and which have been written in the prophets. 24:15 I have hope toward God, which these themselves also wait for, that there is about to be a resurrection of the dead, both of the righteous and unrighteous. 24:16 But I apply myself in this, having a guilt-free conscience always toward God and men. 24:17 Now throughout many years, I came doing charity and offerings to my nation; 24:18 in which they found me, having been purified in the temple, not with a crowd, nor with an uproar with some Jews from Asia, 24:19 who ought to be here and to accuse me in front of you, if they have anything to accuse me. 24:20 Or let these men themselves say what wrongdoing they found in me when* I stood in front of the council, 24:21 or concerning this voice of which I cried out, standing among them. I am being judged by you° today concerning the resurrection of the dead.



     24:22 But Felix, having heard these things and knowing more accurately concerning The Way, postponed judging them, saying, Whenever Lysias the commander comes down, I will be investigating the things against you°. 24:23 And he himself commanded the centurion to guard Paul and for him to have relief and to forbid none of his own to attend or come near to him.



     24:24 Now after some days, Felix came together with Drusilla, his wife, being a Jewess, and sent for Paul, and heard him concerning the faith in Christ. 24:25 But while reasoning concerning righteousness and self-control and the future judgment which will be, Felix having become fearful, answered, Travel on now, and when* I take the next opportunity, I myself will call you. 24:26 (He was hoping at the same time that monies will be given to him by Paul, *that he might loose him.) Hence, he sent for him frequently, and was conversing with him. 24:27 But when* two years were fulfilled, Felix received a successor, Porcius Festus, and wishing to lay up favors for himself with the Jews, Felix left Paul bound.



[Acts 25]



     {July, 61 AD. Paul's appearance before Festus.}


     25:1 Therefore after three days, having stepped into the province, Festus went up to Jerusalem from Caesarea. 25:2 Now the high-priest and the foremost ones of the Jews disclosed to him things against Paul, and they were pleading with him, 25:3 asking for a favor against him, that he might send for him to come to Jerusalem; making* a plot to assassinate him on the road.


     25:4 Therefore indeed, Festus answered that Paul is to be kept in Caesarea, but he himself is about to travel out there shortly. 25:5 Therefore he says, The mighty ones among you° go down together with me if there is anything evil in this man, let them accuse him.


     25:6 Now having stayed among them more than ten days, he went down to Caesarea. On the next-day having sat upon the judicial-seat, he commanded Paul to be led before him. 25:7 Now when* he came, the Jews who had come down from Jerusalem stood around him, bringing many and cruel accusations against Paul, which they were not strong-enough to show.


     25:8 Then Paul, making his defense, said, Neither against the law of the Jews nor against the temple nor against Caesar, have I sinned in anything.


     25:9 But Festus, wishing to lay up a favor for himself with the Jews, answered and said to Paul, Are you willing, after having gone to Jerusalem, to be judged there concerning these things in front of me?


     25:10 But Paul said, I am standing in front of Caesar's judicial-seat, where it is essential for me to be judged. I did not wrong the Jews, as you also fully well know. 25:11 For* if I indeed am wronging anyone, and have practiced anything worthy of death, I do not renounce to die, but if there is nothing of what these are accusing me; no one is able to grant me to them. I myself am appealing to Caesar. 25:12 Then Festus, having spoken together with the council, answered, You have appealed to be in front of Caesar, then you will be traveling to Caesar.



     25:13 Now when* some days had elapsed, Agrippa the King and Bernice arrived in Caesarea and greeted Festus. 25:14 Now as they were staying there many days, Festus submitted to the King, the things according to Paul's case, saying, There is a certain man, a prisoner, who is left behind by Felix; 25:15 concerning whom, when* I happened to be in Jerusalem, the high-priests and the elders of the Jews disclosed things to me, asking for a sentence against him. 25:16 To whom I answered, It is not a custom with Romans to grant as a favor any man to destruction, even before he who is accused, might have the accusers face to face, and might receive a chance for defense concerning the accusation.



     25:17 Therefore, when* they came together here, I did not postpone their meeting, but on the next day, having sat upon the judicial-seat, I commanded the man to be brought. 25:18 Concerning whom, when* the accusers stood up, they were bringing no accusation of things as I had perceived; 25:19 but they were having some debates with him concerning their own religion and concerning someone named Jesus, who had died, whom Paul was claiming to be living. 25:20 But I, being perplexed as to the debate concerning this, was saying to him, if he plans to travel to Jerusalem and to be judged there concerning these things. 25:21 But when* Paul himself had appealed to be kept *for the decision of the Emperor, I commanded him to be kept until I should send him to Caesar. 25:22 But Agrippa said to Festus, I was also planning to hear from the man myself.


     Now he says, You will hear him on the next-day.



     25:23 Therefore on the next-day, Agrippa and Bernice came with much pomp, and entered into the auditorium together with both, the commanders and men according to prominence, who are from the city, and when* Festus commanded, Paul was led before him. 25:24 And Festus says, King Agrippa, and all who are here together with us, you° view this man, concerning whom all the multitude of the Jews petitioned me, both in Jerusalem and here, crying that it is essential for him to live no longer. 25:25 But I am comprehending that he has practiced nothing worthy of death, and I decided to send him, since he himself had also appealed to the Emperor; 25:26 concerning whom, I do not have any certainty as what to write to my lord. Hence, I led him in front of you° and especially in front of you, King Agrippa, *that, when* his examination happens, I may have something to write. 25:27 For* it seems unreasonable to me to be sending a prisoner, and not to signify the accusations against him.



[Acts 26]



     {Aug., AD 61. Paul before Agrippa.}


     26:1 Now Agrippa said to Paul, It is permitted for you to speak on behalf of yourself. Then Paul stretched out his hand and was making his defense. 26:2 Concerning all of which I am accused by the Jews, King Agrippa, I have deemed myself fortunate today, being about to make my defense in front of you; 26:3 especially because you are an expert of all things according to the things of the Jews, both customs and debates. Hence, I beseech of you to hear me patiently.


     26:4 Therefore my lifestyle indeed which happened from my youth up, from the beginning in my own nation and in Jerusalem, all the Jews know this. 26:5 If they are willing to testify, (knowing me beforehand, from the start), that I lived as a Pharisee according to the strictest sect of our religion. 26:6 And now I am standing here, being judged against the hope of the promise which came* by God to the fathers; 26:7 to which our twelve tribes, intensely giving-divine service to God night and day, are hoping to achieve of which hope I am accused by the Jews, O king!


     26:8 Why is it judged as unbelievable with you°, if God is raising the dead?


     26:9 Therefore I indeed thought in myself, that I ought to do many things adverse to the name of Jesus the Nazarene. 26:10 I also did this in Jerusalem, and I locked up many of the holy-ones in prisons, having received authority from the high-priests, and when* they were assassinated, I brought my voting-pebble {i.e. vote} against them. 26:11 And punishing them often throughout all the synagogues, I was urging them to blaspheme, and being exceptionally enraged with them, I was persecuting them, insofar as possible, even to the cities outside our nation.



          {Examples of those who were saved in the New Testament: Acts 2:14-42; 8:5-13; 8:30-39; 10:34-48; 16:13-15; 16:25-34; 18:8a; 18:8b; 19:1-7; Saul/Apostle Paul: 9:17-18, 22:6-16, 26:12-18.}


     26:12 In which I also traveled to Damascus with the authority and commission from the high-priests. 26:13 On the road in the middle of the day, O king, I saw a light from heaven beyond the brilliance of the sun, having shone around me and those who traveled together with me. 26:14 Now when* all had fallen down to the earth, I heard a voice speaking to me and saying in the Hebrew language, Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me? It is harsh for you to kick against the cattle-prods.


     26:15 But I said, Who are you, Lord?


     But the Lord said, I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. 26:16 But rise* up and stand upon your feet; for* to this end I have appeared to you, to assign you to be an attendant and a witness both of the things which you have seen, and of the things which will be seen by you. 26:17 I will be liberating you from the Jewish people and from the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you, 26:18 to open their eyes, to turn them from darkness to light, and from the authority of the Adversary to God, in order for them to receive forgiveness of sins, and an inheritance among those who have been made holy in faith, the faith in me.


     26:19 Hence, O King Agrippa, I did not become disobedient to the heavenly vision. 26:20 But I was proclaiming first to them in Damascus, and in Jerusalem, and then to all the region of Judea and to the Gentiles, to repent and to turn to God, practicing works worthy of repentance. 26:21 Because of these things, the Jews took me in the temple and were attempting to exterminate me. 26:22 Therefore, having obtained the assistance which is from God, I am standing to this day, testifying both to the little and to the great, saying nothing outside of what both the prophets and Moses said was about to happen. 26:23 If the Christ was ordained to suffer, if the Christ was first from the resurrection of the dead, then he is about to proclaim light to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles.


     26:24 Now he made his defense with these things.


     Festus says with a loud voice, Paul, you are insane; your much scholarship is turning you insane.


     26:25 But Paul says, I am not insane, most-excellent Festus, but I am speaking out the words of truth and self-discipline. 26:26 For* the king knows concerning these things, with whom I am also speaking boldly; for* I am telling: I am persuaded that not any of these things were eluding him; for* this thing has not been done in a corner. 26:27 King Agrippa, Do you believe the prophets? I know that you believe.


     26:28 But Agrippa said to Paul, Are you persuading me to become a Christian in few words?


     26:29 But Paul said, I would pray to God, that both in a few words or in many words, not only you, but also all who hear me today, are to become such: what sort of person I am, except-for these bonds.


     26:30 And after Paul said these things, the king and the governor and Bernice and those who were sitting together with them stood up; 26:31 and having departed, they were speaking to one another, saying, This man is practicing nothing worthy of death or bonds.


     26:32 But Agrippa said to Festus, This man was able to be released, if he had not appealed to Caesar.



[Acts 27]



     {Aug. 21 - Nov. 1, 61 AD. Mediterranean Sea. The voyage to Rome.}


     27:1 Now as it was decided for us to sail toward Italy, and they were giving to a centurion, Julius by name, from the Emperor's cohort, Paul and some other prisoners. 27:2 Now having stepped on board, in a Adramyttium ship, which is about to sail throughout the places along Asia, we set-sail, also being together with us was Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica. 27:3 And the next-day we brought* the ship into Sidon and Julius treated Paul humanely and permitted him to travel to his friends and be cared for. 27:4 And having set-sail to sea from there, we sailed under the lee of Cyprus, because the winds were adverse. 27:5 And having sailed through the sea against Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came down to Myra, a city of Lycia. 27:6 And the centurion found a ship from Alexandria there sailing to Italy, and he had us step onto it. 27:7 Now at a considerable number of days, we were voyaging slowly and happened to be against Cnidus with difficulty; the wind was not permitting us to land. We sailed under the lee of Crete against Salmone; 27:8 and coasting-along it with difficulty, we came to a certain place being called Good Harbors; which was near the city of Lasea.



     27:9 Now when* a considerable amount of time had elapsed and the voyage was already dangerous, because the Fast had already passed, Paul was advising them, 27:10 saying to them, Men, I view that the voyage is about to be with disaster and much damage, not only of the load and of the ship, but also of our lives. 27:11 But the centurion was being persuaded by the helmsman and by the ship-owner, rather than by the things being spoken by Paul. 27:12 But the harbor being* unfit for a wintering, most of the counsel purposed to set-sail to sea from there, if somehow they might be able to winter, after having arrived in Phoenix, a harbor of Crete, looking down the northwest and down the southwest. 27:13 Now when* wind from the south blew softly, having thought to have taken-hold of their purpose, they lifted the anchor up and were coasting-along, closer to Crete. 27:14 But not long after, a typhoon wind, being called Euroclydon, was cast against her; 27:15 and when* the ship was seized and it was not able to face the wind, having given her to the wind, we were being carried along. 27:16 Now having ran under the lee of a certain isle called Clauda, we were strong-enough to become skippers of the boat with difficulty; 27:17 and they, having lifted it up, were using cables, undergirding the ship, and fearing lest they might fall upon the sandbars of Syrtis, they lowered the tackling and so we were being carried along. 27:18 But being extremely storm-tossed, the next day they were making* a jettison of the cargo; 27:19 and the third day they tossed out the tackling of the ship with their own hands. 27:20 But when* neither sun nor stars appeared upon most days and not just a small storm was laying down upon us, all our hope to be saved was furthermore taken away.


     27:21 Now they are without much food {i.e. almost starving}, then Paul, having been standing in the midst of them, said, O men, it was essential for you° to have been obedient to me and to have not set-sail away from Crete and then to have gained this disaster and damage. 27:22 And hereafter, I am advising you° to be cheerful; for* there will be no termination of life from among you°, however of the ship, yes. 27:23 For* there stood beside me this night a messenger of the God, whose I am, to whom I also am giving-divine service to, 27:24 saying, Do not fear, Paul; it is essential for you to stand-before Caesar and behold, God has granted to you all those who are sailing with you. 27:25 Hence, be° cheerful, men; for* I believe God, that it will be so according to the manner it has been spoken to me. 27:26 But it is essential for us to fall onto a certain island.



     27:27 Now as it became the fourteenth night, being carried to and fro in the Adriatic Sea, in the middle of the night, the sailors were perceiving some region to be coming up before them. 27:28 And having sounded, they found twenty fathoms, and after a little bit of an interval of time, having sounded again, they found fifteen fathoms. 27:29 And fearing lest we might fall into rough places, they tossed the four anchors from the stern and was praying for it to become day. 27:30 But the sailors were seeking to flee out of the ship and having lowered the boat into the sea in pretext, as though they are about to heave out anchors from the prow, 27:31 Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, If these sailors do not remain in the ship, you° are not able to be saved. 27:32 Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat and permitted her to fall. 27:33 Now till it was about to become day, Paul was encouraging them all to take some nourishment, saying, Today is the fourteenth day that you° were expecting to arrive; you° are continuing without food, having taken nothing to eat for yourselves. 27:34 Hence I am encouraging you° to take some nourishment; for* this is* for your° salvation; for* not a hair will be falling from the head of anyone of you. 27:35 Now having said these things and having taken bread, he gave-thanks to God in the sight of all, and he broke it and began to eat. 27:36 When* all became cheerful, they themselves also took nourishment. 27:37 Now we were in the ship, all two hundred and seventy six souls. 27:38 Now having been satisfied from the nourishment, they lightened the ship, casting the grain out into the sea.



     {Nov. 1, 61 AD. Shipwreck on Malta.}


     27:39 Now when it became day, they were not recognizing the land, but were considering a certain bay, having a beach and they planned if it was possible to drive the ship into it. 27:40 And having taken off the couplings to the anchors, they were permitting them to fall in the sea, having laxed the rudders' couplings at the same time, and having lifted up the foresail to the blowing wind, they were heading toward the beach. 27:41 But having fallen into a place at the intersection of two seas, they beached the cargo-ship, and indeed the prow stuck and remained unshakable, but the stern was being dissolved by the violence of the waves.


     27:42 Now the soldiers' plan happened to be that* they should kill the prisoners, lest some should swim out and flee). 27:43 But the centurion, planning to save Paul, did forbid them from their will, and commanded those who were able to swim to toss themselves over first and go out to land; 27:44 and the rest, some upon planks and any other things from the ship. And so it happened, all were to be saved upon the land.



[Acts 28]



     {Nov. - Feb. 62 AD. Malta.}


     28:1 And having been saved, then we recognized that the island is called Malta. 28:2 Now the barbarians were providing for us and we obtained not just kindliness; for* having lit a fire, they took us all in, because of the standing rainfall and because of the cold. 28:3 But when* Paul twisted together a bunch of brush and having laid it upon the fire, a viper attached to his hand, having come out through the brush from the warmth. 28:4 Now as the barbarians saw the snake hanging from his hand, they were saying to one another, This man is certainly a murderer, whom, having been saved out of the sea, justice did not permit him to live. 28:5 Therefore indeed, he shook-off the snake into the fire and suffered no evil. 28:6 But they were expecting that he is about to swell up or to suddenly fall down dead. But expecting it for a long time and viewing nothing improper happening to him, having a turnabout, they were saying that he was a god.



     28:7 Now in the regions around that place, were* farms possessed by the foremost one of the island, Publius by name, who accepted us and lodged us courteously three days. 28:8 Now it happened, that the father of Publius lay sick, being troubled with fevers and dysentery; to whom Paul having entered and prayed and laid his hands on him, healed him. 28:9 Therefore, when* this happened, the rest who have any sicknesses in the island were also coming near and were being healed, 28:10 who also honored us with many honors, and when* we sailed, they placed on the ship the things *for our need.


     28:11 Now after three months, we were led to a ship from Alexandria with an insignia of The Twin Brothers which had wintered in the island.



     {March, 62 - March 64. Rome.}


     28:12 And having led the ship into Syracuse, we remained there three days. 28:13 From where we went around and arrived at Rhegium and after one day a south wind came* upon us and on the second day we came to Puteoli; 28:14 where we found brethren and were encouraged to remain on with them seven days and so we came to Rome. 28:15 And the brethren from there, when* they heard things concerning us, came to the encounter with us out to the Market of Appius and the Three Taverns; whom having seen, Paul thanked God and took courage.



     28:16 Now when we came to Rome, the centurion gave the prisoners to the camp-commander, but Paul was permitted to abide by himself together with the soldier guarding him.



     28:17 Now after three days Paul happened to call together those who are the foremost of the Jews and when* they came together, he said to them, Brethren, I have done nothing adverse to the Jewish people or the customs of our forefathers. I, a prisoner from Jerusalem, was given up into the hands of the Romans. 28:18 The Romans who, having examined me, were planning to release me, because no crime exists worthy of death in me. 28:19 But the Jews were speaking against it, then I was urged to appeal to Caesar; not that I held anything of which to accuse my nation. 28:20 Therefore, because of this accusation, I pleaded to see and to speak with you°; for* I am encompassed with this chain because of the hope of Israel.


     28:21 But they said to him, We neither accepted writings from Judea concerning you, nor did anyone of the brethren come here and report or speak anything evil concerning you. 28:22 But we deem it worthy to hear from you what things you are mindful of; for* indeed, concerning this sect, it is known to us that it is spoken against everywhere.



     28:23 Now having appointed him a day, they were coming to him, into the lodging in great number; to whom he was expounding the word, thoroughly testifying of the kingdom of God also persuading them with the things concerning Jesus, both from the Law of Moses and from the prophets, from morning until dusk. 28:24 And some were obeying and some were disbelieving the things which were spoken. 28:25 But when* they disagreed among themselves, they were dismissing themselves after Paul had spoken just one declaration, The Holy Spirit spoke well through Isaiah the prophet to our fathers, 28:26 saying, 'Travel to this people and say, In hearing you° will hear and yet may never* understand, and seeing you° will see and yet may never* see; 28:27 for* the heart of this people has become-callous and they have selectively heard with their ears and they have closed their eyes. Lest, they should see with their eyes and should hear with their ears and should understand with their heart and should return and I will be healing them.' {Isa 6:9-10}


     28:28 Therefore let it be known to you°, that this salvation from God is sent to the Gentiles and they will be hearing it. 28:29 And having said these things, the Jews went away, having much debate among themselves.


     28:30 Now Paul remained two whole years in his own rented-house and was accepting all who traveled to him, 28:31 preaching the kingdom of God and teaching the things concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all boldness, unforbidden by any.




Introduction to the Letters



    After you know about who Jesus was in the first four books and have followed an example of how to become a Christian in Acts, then comes the remainder of the New Testament. A collection of letters written to Christians, helping them to know how to live their lives for Christ Jesus after they were saved from their sins. They were not arranged in chronological order so to read and learn from them as God intended, it is better to follow the order of the Simple Reading Schedule. This way each letter will build upon each other. You will also have some preparation before you read Romans, a very intense letter. Each letter deals with specific issues and problems that different groups of Christians were struggling with at the time of the writing. The most common problem was that Jewish false teachers were binding the Gentile Christians under the Law. However, up front, the Law, spoken of in the letters is in a very generalized way as "Law" vs. "the Law" most often. It is the old covenant of God, the Old Testament from Genesis through Malachi.


    The first nine letters are written by the apostle Paul to specific congregations of the Lord's body in various cities and are named for the area in which those Christians lived. The next four letters are written by Paul to specific Christian individuals who were working with congregations.


    The letter to the Hebrews was written to help Jewish Christians understand that the Old Testament had fulfilled its purpose in pointing people to something much better: Christ Jesus.


    The letters of James, 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2, and 3 John, and Jude were all written to Christians in various areas, and the letters are named after the writer.


    The book of Revelation is a combination of letters from Christ Jesus to specific congregations, and a prophecy given as a reminder to Christians to stay faithful even in persecution because God is the one ultimately in control.



(The following introductions are arranged as you should read the New Testament Letters were written to Christians.)



    {Note: We are of the opinion Mark and Matthew were written during at about the same time as James; others place them at 60-67 AD.}



Letter from James


50-52 AD



    This letter was most likely written about the same time the letter in Acts 15 was sent to all the congregations from the apostles in Jerusalem. That letter told the Gentile Christians and the Jewish Christians that only four things from the Law (Old Testament) were to be obeyed. Jews who had known the Law all of their lives could not keep it, no way Gentiles could either and neither has to obey it under the New Testament.


    So James is fast paced written to an overall Christian audience and encourages all to not have a 'faith only,' or a 'works can save you' type attitude but to have both. James has more commandments (short and simple) per page than does any other letter: Do not be a hearer only but be a doer. To believe (have faith) is to have works. Do not blame God for your lack of control. Listen. Practice mercy. Do not be prejudice. Do not ignore the poor, etc. The classic 'faith only' can never save you rebuke because even 'demons believe' is in 2:19. James tells us how to live as Christians. He tells us 'like it is.'



Letters to the Thessalonians (1&2)


52-53 AD



    The letter sent to a congregation in Thessalonica apparently who had problems with the teachings previously given to them, which deals with what is typical, called the 'Second Coming.' They believed (wrongly) that Jesus was coming back 'like right now.' One thing that false religious groups and 'self-proclaimed' (false) prophets have taught us in the past 100 years or so is that no one knows when Jesus is coming back. Jesus did not even know. A very vivid picture is given of how the judgment, revelation of the Lord, Jesus' coming and the end occurs. Jesus and the messengers of God would come with a sound of a trumpet (common in Greek history as a call to battle, that everyone could hear it) in flaming fire. Christians will meet Jesus in the air 1Thessalonians 4:16-17, 'those who are not obeying...the sentence of everlasting utter-destruction' in 2Thessalonians 1:7-9. The warning that the 'man of sin' would come first, 1Thessalonians 2, Caesar Nero, (called 666 by John in Revelation 13:18) was a time that Christians would start suffering persecution from the hands of the Roman government. A quick 'to the point' conclusion in 2Thessalonians 3 and a commandment to stay away from those who do not teach 'the tradition received from us.' A commandment we hope all Christians will obey by not following the 'traditions of men' and so save themselves from the 'fire.'



Letter to the Galatians


55-58 AD



    The letter is addressed to Christians as is all 'letters' and this time multiple congregations all located in Galatia. Paul wastes no time getting right to the point that there is only 'one good-news of Jesus' and obeying any other is a curse. Apparently, some previously converted Jew(s) were teaching the previously converted Gentile Christians that they had to be circumcised and keep the Old Covenant Laws. A wonderful comparison of the 'promise to' and the 'faith of Abraham' and 'the faith of Christ.' The real purpose of God was always to bring Christ into the world. However, Paul with various arguments pretty much put it in the context in 5:1-6. Circumcision is not profitable, but if you keep any of the Law (Old Testament), then you have to practice all of it. However, in Christ, all are free from the Old Testament Law and Christians are not a slave to it. Then the typical 'slap on the face' from Paul 'you* who are made righteous by the law; you* have fallen from the grace of God.'


    Therefore, if you are keeping tithing, then you have to keep the Sabbath (Saturday) and about 630 more laws. Then once again 'who hindered you* not to obey the truth'' I wish-that those who are unsettling you* will even castrate themselves. No doubt, we know Paul's (God's) opinion of false teachers who lead Christians away from the truth by making them keep Old Testament Law. For* all the Law is fulfilled in one word, in this: 'You will love* your neighbor like yourself' 5:14.



Letter to the Corinthians


56-58 AD



    If you could find a place where sin was rampant, it was Corinth. Then what was worse is the attitude common to today of 'it really doesn't matter.' The more garbage you take in, the more chance of it influencing you! Then the congregation in Corinth seems to take everything to the extreme.


    They were not unified in much of anything and filled full of splits, and the 'anything goes' policy so common to many religious groups of today. 'In the same...' 'be mindful of the same...' is a common commandment throughout all the letters; but not in this congregation. Paul's use of sarcasm is superior throughout both Corinthian letters, 'Christ sent me not to immerse, but to proclaim the good-news' actually both are commands of the Lord written at the ends of the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, witnessed in Acts 2:38 'to be saved.' Man's foolishness is used by God to promote His purpose. 4:10, apostles are foolish, but they (the Corinthians) are wise, and many more places.


    Then in chapter 2, Paul goes from foolishness of man to wisdom of man vs. God's wisdom, which progresses onward to the spiritual things. Chapter 3, Paul calls them babies and fleshly. Then he talks about the foundation (Jesus) that he and Apollos built that they should make sure they build properly on it. Because even if Paul's work fails at judgment day (the Corinthians); Paul is still saved as though he walked through the fire. In chapter 4 & 9, Paul calls them arrogant, they are judging him. They have everything, even reigning like kings; they do not need Paul. In chapter 5, a man is fornicating with his stepmother. Instead of disciplining him, so he would not spend eternity away from them; they just do not care. This 'leavening' could ruin the batch of them, and they just do not get it. Then they have lawsuits against each other. Paul finally lists all of their past sins (possibly current ones) and tells them no one who practices them will inherit heaven. The Corinthians thought you could be like the world and still be in the Lord's body at the same time. Chapter 7 deals with marriage and the unmarried. Then in Chapters 8, 10, they add idiolatry to the list. Also in Chapters 10, 11 it was pointed out how they are abusing the Lord's Supper and the love feast versus how it should be respected. We know from Acts 20:7, this is one of the reasons the congregations come together every Sunday. Chapters 12, 13, 14 talks about the spiritual gifts Christians had during the first century used to evangelize the world (Mark 16:15-20). In 13:10, he tells them the completed word will stop all of this, so put love higher on the list, it never fails. Once again, the Corinthians took this to extremes as about everything else they did. In 15, Adam and Jesus are compared, and the last part talks about the time when Jesus will come back where 'in the blink of an eye' we will inherit our heavenly bodies. In 16, he concludes with his typical greetings and encouragements.



Second Letter to the Corinthians


58-59 AD



    Paul continues his battle with those who think of themselves too highly and states he did not come to them right then to spare them. He was giving them a chance to repent. About three chapters are spent showing his authority from Jesus, and how good they had life in comparison to the apostles' 'verdict' of death. In chapter 6 and 11, he talks about how bad the people who had ministered to the Corinthians had it, but all of it was for the sake of the Corinthians and others. He gave various encouragements: all in life is temporary; hope for a new body in heaven; in salvation, a new creation; you* are in our hearts, etc. 'You* are not distressed by us, but you* are distressed by your* own affections' in 6:11 sums it up for them.


    Then Paul describes a relief that many of the congregations had put together for the poor holy-ones (10:1) in Jerusalem, one of many mentioned in the New Testament. Many were assigned and cooperated due to the high possibility of robbers (food during a drought is more valuable than gold). Then in chapter 10, he redirects his letter to rebuke one or many who claim that 'they walk according to the flesh.' He tells the Corinthians they should have already done it in 10:2. In 11, he talks to the Corinthians as he did to the Galatians about anyone adding in another good-news or teaching not in the bible is a false teacher. Adding in 'it doesn't say not to' is just as bad as excluding parts. Paul continues his sarcasm in 12 and then his rebuke in 13 'not sparing' them when he comes.



Letter to the Romans


58 AD



    The Romans had their problems with Jewish Christian false teachers also. But he first addressed homosexuality which was a common practice in Rome at the time. Caesar Nero was a classic example. Paul puts it in blunt terms in 1 Cor. 6:9, 'they will not inherit the kingdom of God.' In the next few chapters, Paul deals with: various quotes of the O.T., why they are not the 'faith of Abraham,' and that Christ was the fulfilment of that promise to Abraham, long before the O.T. was written. In chapter 6, Paul gives us one more aspect about immersion, the death burial, and resurrection, same as our Lord. Chapter 7 shows the contrast of a married couple and remarriage, but the whole point is you cannot keep the Old Covenant of God and be married to the New Covenant of Jesus or else God calls you an adulteress. Paul speaks of his (and our) war between what we want to do vs. what we are to do in Christ and how nothing but ourselves can ever keep us the love of God. Chapter 9 goes back to the argument against the Jewish false teachers. In 10, the same problem with the Israel of then and many false religious groups of today, 'a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.' Then Paul speaks of the declarations/report from the apostles that brought them to Christ. In 11, Paul speaks that is was always God's plan to have the Gentiles and Jews under one covenant. In Chapters 12-14, instructions on how to live as a Christian, and governments in Chapter 13. In Chapter15 back to more about the Law of Moses vs. the Law of Christ. Ending with Paul's typical farewells.



    {Luke is written 60-63 AD}


    {Actual writing of Acts 63 AD.}



Letter to the Ephesians


62-64 AD



    By the time, Paul wrote to the Ephesian congregation, they seem to have few problems, which were so common to the other congregations of the Lord in his letters, or they had already learned the truth from them. Paul is still in prison and sends others in his place to help and encourage them. The introduction in the first chapter and second about God's favor; his original plan for our salvation, all we have to do it obey it. Eph. contains the most misquoted verse in the Bible by Christians, completely out of context, 2:8. God made a plan for us to be saved from our sins and showed us many examples in Acts. Once saved from your past sins, Christians have the letters to guide them on how to stay in God's grace and receive further forgiveness of sin for us as the 'new creation.' So many miss this fact. In chapter 3, he describes God's plan, a mystery hidden until this age when the Gentile and the Jew would be together in one body, the congregation of believers. The absolute best description of what the body of Christ is supposed to be and follow in Chapter 4:1-6, 11-16. We pray that all 'achieve to the unity of the faith and of the full knowledge of the Son.' In Chapter 5, Paul uses an example of a husband and wife to describe Jesus' love for the congregation. In Chapter 6, Paul tells us the devil is the real enemy, and only the knowledge of God's word can defeat him and his schemes.



Letter to the Philippians


62-64 AD



    Paul, still in prison, writes a long, encouraging letter that has very few sentences dealing with problems or possible problems, one is two women who are making some kind of disturbance. Paul tells them to be of the same mind a commandment he tells all the Christians in all his letters. All Christians should strive to be the congregation, which obeys the commands of Jesus and not the traditions of men, fulfill Jesus' prayer for unity, (Joh 17). He speaks about his evangelism of all the palace guard. You might say he had a 'captive audience' with 'the whole palace guard and to all the rest.' You get to see a lot of Paul's human side, his emotions, and concern for all the congregations and his desire to make sure someone is sent to them in his place. Paul does a rebuke to the 'mutilation,' i.e., the Jewish Christian false teachers in chapter 3. Some of the best advice that could be given to a Christian, 'forgetting the things which are behind me and stretching forth to the things which are before me.' He ends with the usual greeting and encouragements.



Letter to the Colossians


62-64 AD



    The Colossians had a 'pastor' problem, a one-man self-righteous false teacher, most likely a Jewish Christian with 'persuasive speech' who wanted the congregation to follow his teachings and not the teachings of the Christ given to them by Paul. There are reasons, as shown here, why God did not establish a democracy or a dictatorship in the congregation, but multiple shepherds (overseers, elders, etc. Philippians 1:2, Tim. 3, Titus 1). An inspired description of this man, without naming him and strong rebuke in Chapter 2:8-23. In this a teaching that immersion cleaned away their sins, trespasses, and killed the Old Testament Law 'having nailed it to the cross.' He uses the same type of example here as he did in Rom 6. In Chapter 3, now that you have been raised up from the dead do away with old sinful things and replace them with holy things. Do all in the name of Jesus; (do only what is authorized). A short encouragement to the married, children, bondservants (workers), and employers. Some simple instruction to them and the plans to send others in his place to continue to help them grow.


    We can learn a valuable lesson from this letter to never exalt or follow any man, as well as how to live as a Christian. Hero worship has no place with Christians and should be condemned by all.



Introduction to Jude


 60-67 AD



    The brother of James is the author's identification of himself. This means that he is also a half-brother of Jesus and was the youngest or next to youngest (Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3). Following the example of James, he simply refers to himself as a 'Servant of Jesus Christ.' He claims no special privilege because of his fleshly relationship to Jesus. False teachers needed to be rebuked, and Jude is going to address the sins of the people who thought they could sin with the body, and their physical sin had nothing to do with their spiritual well-being. This same false teaching in common within the Calvinism of today. James would go on to talk about those and their denial of the deity of Jesus.



    {64 AD. Paul's release from prison and visitation to various congregations.}


    {July 64 AD. The Great Fire at Rome, Christians accused of setting it.}



Introduction to 1 Peter


64-65 AD



    Peter shows us the blessings of Christianity, Christian suffering and service, our relationships in the congregation and world, Christian attributes and how to grow in them, what to expect from false teachers, and the second coming of Christ. Many times, it is back and forth, commands 'do this' and 'don't do this' or 'be this' and 'do not be this.' This is a letter of hope in the midst of suffering persecution from the Jews, and the Roman government under Nero and the intended readers are primarily Gentile Christians. It was written from Babylon. This letter, like much of the teaching of the congregations at that time, was very much concerned with the second coming of Christ. The believers needed to be assured they were right in Christ and no other.



Introduction to 2 Peter


65-67 AD



    The emphasis is on false teachers and false teaching. It is a letter of warning, and Peter's cure for false teaching is true spiritual knowledge. As Jesus showed us in Mat, it has been written... This letter is most likely a follow-up letter to his previous one to the same group of people.


    It was written in Peter's mature years. He is one of the elders. It stirs up readers to grow in Christian character and encourage them into a patient expectation of the Lord's return also warning them against being 'led away in the error of the immoral.' As translators, do not be lead away by those Bibles who would change Chapter 3:10 at the end to anything but 'will be burned up.' Peter wants them to grow in 'the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.'



Introduction to Philemon


62-64 AD



    Paul writes the letter, not to a congregation(s) in an area but Philemon, the owner of a runaway bondservant, Onesimus. The non- Christian bondservant met Paul in Rome who taught him the truth, and he became a Christian and good friend of Paul. Paul was sending Onesimus back to Philemon, but he wants Philemon to treat this bondservant now like a brother in Christ. Paul even says he personally will compensate if need be. However, it is doubtful Philemon ever asked for it considering he was also taught the truth by Paul and, as you will see Paul being Paul in this short letter.



Introduction to 1 Timothy


63-64 AD



    This was written after Paul was released from his first two-year imprisonment in Rome, which is mentioned in Acts 28:30, 31.


Paul wants the reader to gain knowledge about God's instructions to preachers, prayer, the role of women, qualifications of elders and deacons, proper treatment of various categories of people, the importance of the right example and more. Timothy receives this letter from Paul and Paul took Timothy with him on other journeys (Acts 16:3-5). However, the writing is to give instructions and encouragement to Timothy and all other men who would preach the Good-news and to stress the necessity of preaching and teaching the sound doctrine (i.e., the Good-news of Christ, without adding to or taking away from it). To identify the need to wage the good spiritual warfare against Satan, including resisting and rebuking those who teach false doctrine. Paul addresses prayer, submission of women, qualifications of the men for the eldership or servants such as deacons. We also see instructions on the proper treatment of older and younger men and women, including widows and elders. Instruction and strong warning and exhortation to those who desire to be rich and to those who actually are rich in this world's goods.



Introduction to Titus


63-64 AD



    This letter was written after Paul was released from his first two-year imprisonment in Rome (Acts 28:30, 31). It was written to provide instructions and encouragement to Titus and to all men who preach the Good-news and to set in order things that are lacking in any congregation of Christ as well as to give some qualifications of elders (1Tim. 3 also). He also points out the importance of exhorting and convicting false teachers. He is stressing the necessity of teaching and preaching sound doctrine as well as to bring to mind the kindness, love, mercy, and grace of God focusing on blessings of being saved from sin, justified, redeemed, purified, God's own special people and heirs of God so the Christian can have hope. No wonder Paul described Titus as his partner and fellow worker!



Introduction to Hebrews


65-66 AD



    The book of Hebrew gives direction to the Jewish Christians; building on their common knowledge of Jewish Law and traditions, the book furthers their comprehension of the Kingdom of Jesus Christ. Using the Law as a shadow of the things that have happened in their sight.


    It is important to realize how difficult it was for "Children of Abraham" to thrust aside generations of teachings and the marvelous acts of God recorded in their history. The miraculous confirmations happening among them got their attention, but they must understand all the fulfilling of recorded prophecies.


    The author would have referred to the destruction of Jerusalem had it been written after AD 70, also references in the present tense is used when speaking of worship in the Temple. (5.3, 10.1) It probably was written after the first generation of Christians. (2.3) "having received it in the beginning when spoken through the Lord, which was confirmed to us by those who heard it?" We lean toward the idea that Paul actually wrote Hebrews and it would have been about 65-66 AD, right before his death. There have been many speculations on the authorship, all the way from Paul, Luke, Barnabas, Clement of Rome, Apollos, and Silvanus. However, what was seen in the early writings has Paul as the author. We can understand at this point in life not to have his name inside. However, more importantly, God is the final authority over His Written Word.


    Hebrews is a book of encouragement, exhortation, but contains strong warnings. Powerful beginning, "God, who long-ago spoke, in many parts and in many manners, in the prophets to the fathers, has in the end of these days, spoken to us in his Son."


    Hebrews shows the proper relationship between the Old and New Testaments and explains clearly the Old Testament passages and ideas. It also demonstrates the superiority of the Good-news of Jesus'. It was written to prevent apostasy from Christianity back into Judaism by showing the Good-news is superior to Judaism (a God-given religion) and by showing perfection and finality of Christ's priesthood. Hebrews also shows how Jesus was the Christ to the non-believer and as the fulfillment of many Old Testament prophecies. It was a final attempt for the Jews to be saved before their massacre in the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD and the end of the now false Jewish religion.



    {Paul's second imprisonment. Autumn 65 AD. Rome. Paul's Second Letter to Timothy was written.}



Introduction to 2 Timothy


65 AD.



    Paul wrote this Letter to Timothy (1:2) and taught Timothy the Good-news, and they did a great deal of work together preaching the Good-news. To give instructions and encouragement to Timothy and all future preachers and teachers of not being ashamed of God's word, and to hold fast to the pattern of sound words delivered by Paul and other apostles and prophets. Being strong and endure hardship and suffering as a good soldier of Christ and willing to endure all things for the chosen, that they may obtain the salvation which is in Christ. Being a diligent worker, rightly dividing the word of truth, carefully following sound doctrine and continuing to live in it. Being watchful, endure affliction and do the work of an evangelist and beware of false teachers because false doctrine spreads and kills like cancer, undermining the work of faithful preachers, but most of all, fighting the good fight, keep the faith and finish the race in Christ looking forward to the crown of righteousness.



    {Paul's martyrdom at Rome. 66 AD.}


    {John's Good-news could have been 63-70 AD. For sure after the other three Good-news books were written.}


    {All of John's letters of John were written close together, 63-70 AD. We are of the opinion that God sealed up the New Testament with the writing of Revelation, and fulfilled all the New Testament and Old Testament prophecies with the destruction of Jerusalem. If any letters had been written after the destruction of Jerusalem, we see no reason for some of the wording contained in them and no mention of God's Judgment Day on the Jewish religion. Others who have disagreed have twisted everything in the bible to prove their 'fairy tale' beliefs.}



Introduction to 1 John


67-70 AD.


    The writer does not name himself but speaks as an eyewitness and as if his information was first-hand. See 'Introduction to John' for more information.


    1-3 John should be taken as a whole, so you understand all three and were probably written very close together.


    He writes in categorical, almost dogmatic, terms. There is no disputing the truth of what he says. He condemns error in no uncertain terms! With the rising interest in a merging of Christianity with the higher forms of paganism, there was a pressing need for the presentation of adequate Christian knowledge to combat the danger. Nowhere else in the New Testament is the combination of faith, love, and obedience so clearly brought out. The letter was written to a group of people, with whom the author was personally acquainted and who were threatened with the same infiltration of false teachings. The writing is from Ephesus. Major themes in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd John are the assurance of salvation. One of John's main purposes in 1 John is to give believers assurance (1 John 5:13), and the need for assurance is needed by all Christians, especially true for new converts. The Bible rejects the false teaching of ' once saved always saved,' but it does not reject the biblical doctrine of assurance.



Introduction to 2 John


67-70 AD.



    The author describes himself as 'the elder.' Maybe to describe his age or his position as part of the congregation's leadership. The false teachers in verse 7 are the same as those referred to in 1 John. John wants to forewarn his readers against the infiltration of error, and the apostle wants his readers to have Christian hospitality. However, John still must warn against receiving and aiding any false teacher (2 John 10, 11). Do not even greet them.



Introduction to 3 John


67-70 AD.



    John starts with a long encouragement to the believing at the congregation. Then he names Diotrephes as a false teacher who practices evil against John and others. Then gives a great testimony about Demetrius who probably stood up against Diotrephes.



Book of Revelation


64-66 AD.



    The book of Revelation was written before 66 AD, the start of the invasion by Vespasian and his son Titus toward Jerusalem. If it had been written after the destruction of Jerusalem, that would have been mentioned in the book since that was God's Judgment Day upon the Jews.


    The book was written during the time when Christians were not only being persecuted by the Jews but also from the Roman government by one of the vilest men to walk on this earth, Nero Caesar. The entire book is written in extremely symbolic language. This was like a code that the Christians would understand, but the Jews and Romans would never see God's judgment on the Jewish nation coming. This would keep them safe and give them hope during this extreme time of Nero (the man 666) and while seeing the deadly advance of Roman armies destined to put an end to the various Jewish rebellions which had plagued Roman for over a decade, once and for all. Through the symbolic language, you have a historical 'play by play' of what is going to take place with the eventual fall of Jerusalem, which took 3.5 years. It even prophesies of the pause of the advance also foretold in Luke 21, so no single Christian lost their life in the 3.5-year massacre (Josephus) and the final destruction of the Jewish temple and all its records, thus fulfilling every unfulfilled prophecy of the Old and New Testament. The armies were led by the soon to be Caesar Vespasian and then his son Titus after apostle Paul's execution by Nero and then Nero's death in June 68 AD. Even though Revelation is a symbolically written history book from 1:1 to 20:11, it still gives every Christian hope because we know that God always wins! Revelation contains the chapter (20:1-5) most often mistranslated to meet certain beliefs more than any other place in the Bible. If you have to change what the Word of God says to promote your doctrine, then your doctrine cannot possibly be God's doctrine. The final warning from God, 'do not add to or take away from' God's word in 22:19.



    {AD 70. Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus; the final proof to the Jews, the Messiah had come.}


    {End of the Harmony of the New Covenant.}



You may use any of these Introductions found in the MLV in any congregational bulletins or study guides, just denote 'taken from MLVBible.com' or similar.







Modern Literal Version Preface & Appendix , copyright 1999, 2014 by G. Allen Walker for the MLV New Testament Committee.
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